A Chart of the Southern Extremity of America 1775.
A Chart of the Southern Extremity of America 1775. A Chart of the Southern Extremity of America 1775.


Title:
A Chart of the Southern Extremity of America 1775.
Date:
C1777
Mapmaker:
James Cook (1728-1779)
Image Size:
430mm x 505mm (16.93" x 19.88")
Sheet Size:
470mm x 550mm (18.5" x 21.65")
Condition:
Small repair split at centre, and one at lower sheet edge, otherwise in good condition, with folds as issued.
Technique:
Copper engraving.
Stock Number:
CK02E 2198 SAM (JITG) (LF03)
Description:

Rare first edition of this large copper engraved chart by James Cook of Terra del Fuego, Straits of Magellan and the Falklands, from the official British Admiralty sanctioned issue of Cook’s second voyage of exploration.

Cook had followed the coast of Tierra del Fuego (Chile) in December 1774, making for Cape Horn. The coast was comprised of hundreds of small islands, some of which were charted and named but many were not. The straits were first navigated by Ferdinand Magellan who entered the straits on November 1, 1520.

References; Beddie 1336-2, p.251, Joppien 2.14oC, ill.p.242

From Cook's, A Voyage Towards the South Pole, and Round the World, performed in His Majesty's Ships the 'Resolution' and 'Adventure', In the Years 1772, 1773, 1774, and 1775.

Collections:
Art Gallery of New South Wales: Accession number 207.1990.3.a-kkk
National Library of Australia: Bib ID698273

Biography:

James Cook (1728–1779) 

Cook was the most important navigator of the Age of Enlightenment, a period that saw the mystery of the Southland resolved, the discovery of New Zealand, Hawaii, numerous Pacific Islands and confirmation that a Northwest Passage did not exist. 

Cook was born in Yorkshire, England, the son of a Scottish labourer and apprenticeship for three years under John Walker, a Quaker coal-shipper of Whitby. In 1755 Walker offered him a command, but instead Cook joined HMS Eagle and within a month was master's mate. After two years on the Channel service, he was promoted master of the Pembroke, and in 1758 crossed the Atlantic in her and took part in the siege of Louisburg and the survey of the St Lawrence River that led to the capture of Quebec. Returning to England in 1762 he married Elizabeth Batts (1742-1832?) of Shadwell, whom he was to rarely see in the ensuing years at sea.

Cook then famously commanded three voyages that ended with his death on the island of Hawaii on 14 February 1779.