One of the earliest published maps of
the East Indies, superbly decorated with a pair of frolicking mermaids,
galleons, sea monsters, a crest and decorative title within a strap work
frame. Issued in Abraham Ortelius's Theatrum Orbis Terrarum, the first 'modern atlas' in which all the maps were issued for the first time in a uniform size and format.
Ortelius's map of the Indies improved
upon the positioning of the all important Moluccas (the Spice Islands),
than those of Gastaldi 1548, Ramusio 1554 and Forlani 1565. His map of
Asia and this one, are the first published works to definitely map the
island of Formosa (Taiwan) and to identify it by that name.
Much confusion resulted from the incorrect mapping of the Indies, after the travel accounts of Marco Polo’s Divisament du Monde
(Description of the World) were revealed in 1299 and specifically the
account of his five month stay in northern Sumatra, which was
incorrectly scribed. Marco Polo’s relative positioning of Java Grande and Java Minor, was to confuse cartographers for the next three centuries. The tip of Terra Australis Incognita is named Beach,
which can be traced back to the incorrectly scribed accounts of Marco
Polo's travels, which mistakenly corrupted Polo's mythical kingdom of Lochac to Boeach, which was then shortened to Beach.
1574L63 Large page number 63, last line italic like the entire text, and centred like 2 lines above it: 'do harum Indiarum historias etiam Hispanica lingua edidit'.
Broecke 166, 1579L(B) 84, Clancy
p.70.ill.map 5.16, Clancy (R) p.46. ill. p. 44-45, Cortazzi p. 20,
ill.17 pp. 80-81, Parry pp. 76-80, ill. plate 3.14, Quirino p. 96,
ill.pp. 86-87, Suarez (A), p. 164-168 ill. 166-167, Tooley 937, Walter
ill. 11d detail 11d.