Rare map of Nepean Bay, Kangaroo Island with an inset of Rapid Bay by Colonel William Light, Surveyor-General of South Australia.
Light had been instructed to scout and survey various sites in the colony for preparation of a new state capital. Many of the surveyed sites such as those at Nepean Bay, Kangaroo Island, Endeavour Bay and Port Lincoln, were finally rejected due to a lack of fresh water supply and poor soil quality. Light found Rapid Bay to be plausible but decided against it after surveying the Adelaide plains. The South Australian Company, formed by George Fife Angas and other wealthy British merchants in 1835, had founded a settlement at Kingscote, Nepean Bay in 1836. The settlers soon found the area to be unsuitable for farming, prompting them to seek out another site for the fledgling colony.
National Library of Australia, Bib ID3582974
From the second report to the British House of Commons on the colonisation of South Australia.