Philip Carteret (1733-1796)
British naval officer and explorer who participated
in two of the Royal Navy's circumnavigation expeditions in 1764-66 and 1766-69.
Carteret entered the Navy in 1747, serving aboard
the Salisbury, and then under Captain John Byron from 1751 to 1755.
Between 1757 and 1758 he was in the Guernsey on the Mediterranean Station. As a
lieutenant in the Dolphin he accompanied Byron during his voyage of
circumnavigation, from June 1764 to May 1766.
In 1766 he was made a commander and given the
command of the Swallow to circumnavigate the world, as consort to the Dolphin under
the command of Samuel Wallis. The two ships were parted shortly after sailing
through the Strait of Magellan, Carteret discovering Pitcairn Island and the
Carteret Islands, which were subsequently named after him. In 1767, he also
discovered a new archipelago inside Saint George's Channel between New Ireland
and New Britain Islands (Papua New Guinea) and named it Duke of York Islands,
as well as rediscovered the Solomon Islands first sighted by the Mendana in
1568, and the Juan Fernandez Islands first discovered by Juan Fernandez in
1574. He arrived back in England, at Spithead, on 20 March 1769.
promoted to post captain in 1771.