Girolamo Ruscelli's India Tercera Nuova Tavola is one of the earliest modern maps of Southeast Asia.
It is based on Jacopo Gastaldi's 1548 map which first appeared in Mattioli's 1548 translation of Ptolemy's Geographia, La Geographi di Claudio Tolomeo Ruscelli enlarged the maps and added recent discoveries.
Gastaldi's map was one of the first to reveal the Portuguese discoveries in the region.
The map extends from the Bay of Bengal in the west to the fabled Spiced Islands in the east and from southern China in the north to the island of Java.The map is significant as revealing the secret Portuguese sources of the most important spices of the period; nutmeg and cloves.
From, Ruscelli's, La Geografia di Claudio Tolomeo Alessandrino, gia Tradotta di Greco in Italiano da M. Giero Ruscelli