Coelandria Smilliae [Bottle Brush Orchid]

Title: Coelandria Smilliae [Bottle Brush Orchid]
Date: C1882
Artist: Robert Fitzgerald (1830-1902)
Image Size: 495mm x 330mm (19.49" x 12.99")
Technique: Lithograph with original handcolouring.
Condition: In good condition
Stock Number: FAORC 010702 (NOGY) (C107) (2)
Price: $A 165

Rare lithograph, from the original edition of the first monograph on Australian orchids, by Robert Fitzgerald. The series took twenty-four years to complete (1875-1894).

Common name: Bottle Brush Orchid
Distribution: QLD Cape York Peninsula to Townsville.


Robert Fitzgerald (1830-1902)

Fitzgerald was a surveyor and naturalist, arriving in Sydney from Ireland in 1856. Soon after his arrival he was appointed to the Department of Lands as a draftsman for the crown. In his own time Fitzgerald pursued his interest in botany and in 1864 travelled to Wallis Lake, north of Newcastle in New South Wales to collect ferns and orchids which he intended to cultivate around his Hunter's Hill home. This interest in orchids was maintained throughout his life and in 1869, 1871 and 1876 he visited Lord Howe Island to collect further botanical samples. It was during this time that he discovered Dracophyllum fitzgeraldii F. Muell, which was later named in his honour. 

Fitzgerald worked for the Department of Lands and was an enthusiastic field collector, devoting himself especially to native orchids. The publication of the Australian Orchids was acclaimed throughout the botanical world. J.D. Hooker considered it 'a work which would bring honour to any country and to any botanist', while George Bentham wrote 'thanks to you the Australian Orchidaceae are now better known than those of any country out of Europe'.

The best and largest colonial series on Australian orchids.