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Magnificent woodblock by Tsukioka (or Taiso) Yoshitoshi (1839-1892), of the post-town of Mitsuke, the twenty eighth station on the Tokaido, which was half way between Edo and Kyoto. It is located in what is now the central part of the … Read Full Description
Rest of the World
Orders over A$300
ship free worldwide
Magnificent woodblock by Tsukioka (or Taiso) Yoshitoshi (1839-1892), of the post-town of Mitsuke, the twenty eighth station on the Tokaido, which was half way between Edo and Kyoto. It is located in what is now the central part of the city of Iwata, Shizuoka Prefecture and received its name, which means “with a view,” because it was the first place from which Mount Fuji could be seen by travellers heading to Edo.
The Tokugawa shogunate had prohibited the building of bridges over major rivers on the Tokaido so the Tenryu River on the outskirts of the town was so strong and swift, it was impossible to ford it, so all traffic had to use ferry boats to cross it. The view depicts the shogun, with clothing decorated with his mon*, standing on the bow of a ferry boat while holding a large red coloured uma-jurishi*.
The views in this series depict the journey of Tokugawa Iemochi (1846-1866) the 14th shogun of the Tokugawa shogunate from Edo to Kyoto on April 22, 1863 who had been summoned by the emperor. This was the first time in 230 years that a shogun had visited Kyoto. He travelled with over 3,000 retainers as an escort and with all the pomp and ceremony that was expected of a shogun.
A number of artists and publishers collaborated on this series.
*Tokaido literally means, the Eastern Sea Road and was the main feudal road in Japan that ran mainly along the coast for five hundred kilometers between the capital, Edo (Tokyo), where the Shogun* lived and Kyoto, where the Emperor resided. Over time, the fifty three stations became post-towns which supplied horses, porter stations, lodgings and food for travellers.
*Uma-jirushi were massive flags used in feudal Japan to identify a daimyo or shogun.
*Mon or kamon, are Japanese emblems used to identify an individual or clan and often seen on flags, clothing or uma-jirushi.
Published date/seal: 1865 (Genji 2/ Keio 1 V)
From the series, Suehiro gojusan tsugi (Fifty-Three Stations with a Folding Fan or Fan Tokaido).
Keyes, R. Courage and Silence: A Study of the Life and Color Woodblock Prints of Tsukioka Yoshitoshi 1839-1892. Cinncinnati,1982. #138.
Marks, A. Japanese Woodblock Prints Artists, Publishers & Masterworks 1680-1900.Singapore 2010. Seal p.485
Tsukioka (or Taiso) Yoshitoshi (1839 - 1892)
Tsukioka Yoshitoshi (1839-1892) Yoshitoshi is widely recognised as the last great master of traditional Japanese woodblock printing, known as ukiyo-e, and an originator of manga and anime. He is renowned for his highly imaginative, often flamboyant and even disturbing depictions of historical events, warriors, beautiful women and the supernatural. His career straddled two eras – the final years of the Edo period (1615–1868) and the first few decades of modern Japan. Yoshitoshi was born in Edo (current-day Tokyo) on 30 April 1839. His father, Owariya Kinzaburō (1815–63), was a merchant who bought samurai status in order to advance in the hierarchical class structure of Tokugawa Japan. Yoshitoshi’s parents are believed to have divorced, but most of what is known about Yoshitoshi’s personal life was written in the 1930s by his student Yamanaka Kodō (1869–1945) and is considered unreliable. From 1850 until about 1859, the young Yoshitoshi was apprenticed to Utagawa Kuniyoshi (1797–1861), one of the most famous ukiyo-e designers of the time, whose work is represented in the Art Gallery of NSW collection. In 1853 Yoshitoshi published his first print, The drowning of the Heike clan in 1185. Following the Meiji Restoration in 1868, Japan steadily opened up to the rest of the world. It was a time of rapid industrialisation in which new technologies such as photography and lithography were introduced. Change was also reflected in the prints being produced in Japan in the latter part of the 19th century, as artists chronicled the modernisation of the country – from transformations in cityscapes to the adoption of Western attire. Kuniyoshi’s interest in European prints appears to have influenced Yoshitoshi’s approach to perspective, realism and the individuality of the subject. In 1861 Kuniyoshi died, followed by Yoshitoshi’s father in 1863. Although his personal name was Yonejirō, after these events the artist called himself Tsukioka Yoshitoshi (‘yoshi’ derived from the second character in ‘Kuniyoshi’). Initially enthusiastic and open to Western influxes, Yoshitoshi became increasingly sceptical about the loss of numerous aspects of traditional Japanese art and culture, and concentrated his efforts in introducing new themes and techniques to the stagnant art of ukiyo-e. Reference: Art Gallery of New South Wales
Fifty-Three Stations of the Tokaido ( - )
The Fifty-Three Stations of the Tokaido, was a series of woodblock views first made famous by Utagawa Hiroshige in 1834. The Tokaido connected Edo where the shogun resided, with the then capital of Kyoto where the Emperor lived. It ran along the eastern coast of Honshu and along the road, there were 53 different post stations, which provided stables, food, and lodgings for travellers. The road ran through some of the most picturesque scenery in Japan. The series inspired generations of artists not only in Japan but in Europe.
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