C1777

A Chart of the Southern Hemisphere; Shewing the Tracks of Some of the most Distinguished Navigators: by Captain James Cook; of his Majesty's Navy.

Cook’s famous and rare large scale map of the southern hemisphere, made on his second voyage of discovery and exploration (1773-1775). This chart was the most important and up-to-date chart of the southern hemisphere for its day which finally dispelled … Read Full Description

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S/N: CK02E-1001-POL-CL–232657
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Details

Full Title:

A Chart of the Southern Hemisphere; Shewing the Tracks of Some of the most Distinguished Navigators: by Captain James Cook; of his Majesty’s Navy.

Date:

C1777

Condition:

In very good condition. With folds as issued. Free of tears or repairs and with wide margins. This chart is rarely found without significant tears to the left hand side or cropped margins. This example is free of any defects.

Technique:

Hand coloured copper engraving.

Image Size: 

540mm 
x 560mm

Paper Size: 

603mm 
x 610mm
AUTHENTICITY
A Chart of the Southern Hemisphere; Shewing the Tracks of Some of the most Distinguished Navigators: by Captain James Cook; of his Majesty's Navy. - Antique Print from 1777

Genuine antique
dated:

1777

Description:

Cook’s famous and rare large scale map of the southern hemisphere, made on his second voyage of discovery and exploration (1773-1775). This chart was the most important and up-to-date chart of the southern hemisphere for its day which finally dispelled the myth of the landmass commonly known as, Terra Australia Incognita

Rare engraved map from the official British Admiralty sanctioned edition of the accounts of Cook’s second voyage. Rarely found without tears, this example in excellent condition, free of repairs and with wide margins.

The map includes the tracks from Cook’s first and second voyages, including those of numerous other explorers: Bougainville, Le Maire, Mendana, Quiros, Schouten and Tasman. It also records the first known crossing of the Antarctic Circle by Cook on 17 January 1773.

References; Bedie 1336, p. 254, Tooley 328

Collections: National Gallery of Australia, Bib ID263562

From Cook’s, A Voyage Towards the South Pole, and Round the World, performed in His Majesty’s Ships the ‘Resolution’ and ‘Adventure’, In the Years 1772, 1773, 1774, and 1775.

Second Voyage: 1772-1775 Ships: Resolution & Adventure Rank: Commander

Cook was promoted commander and given charge of a second expedition, in the two ships, Resolution and Adventure which was under the command of Captain Tobias Furneaux. On this second voyage Cook was to circumnavigate the world in high southern latitudes and produce a chart of the Southern Hemisphere which extended the knowledge of Antarctica.

In February and March 1773, the Adventure, parted from the Resolution by fog and gales, and made for the south coast of Van Diemen’s Land. Here Furneaux renamed Adventure Bay on Bruny Island, sailed round Tasman Peninsula and sailed up the east coast to Flinders Island, but through bad weather failed to reach Point Hicks before proceeding to the agreed rendezvous with the Resolution in New Zealand.

The ships met as agreed in New Zealand (February-May 1773) and from there set off to explore the central Pacific, visiting Tahiti (August), where, from the island of Raiatea, they took aboard Omai who returned with the Adventure to England (7 September). Omai was taken to England, arriving at London in October 1774 where he was introduced into society by the naturalist Sir Joseph Banks. During his two-year stay in England, Omai became much admired within London high society.

After visiting Amsterdam and Middelburg, two islands that Cook called the Friendly Islands (Tongan group) in October, the ships became separated and never met again.

Cook attempted another search for the Great Southern Continent (November 1773), with the Resolution crossing the Antarctic Circle on 20th December 1773. However, the ice and cold soon forced him to turn north again and he made another search in the central Pacific for the Great Southern Continent. On 17 January 1774 he turned south again, crossing the Antarctic Circle for the second time and then again for a third time 26 January 1774.

Cook sailed north, arriving at Easter Island in March 1774, followed by visits to the Marquesas (March); Tahiti (April) and Raiatea (June); past the Cook Islands and Niue, or Savage Islands as Cook called them; Tonga (June); Vatoa, the only Fijian Island visited by Cook (July); New Hebrides (Vanuatu) (17 July-August); New Caledonia (September) and Norfolk Island (October); before returning to New Zealand (October 1774). He departed for Britain via the Southern Ocean in November 1774 and arrived at Portsmouth on 30th July 1775.

 On his return he was made a member of the Royal Society, received its Copley Medal for achievement and was promoted to post-captain of Greenwich Hospital. 

James Cook (1728 - 1779)

Cook was the most important navigator of the Age of Enlightenment, a period that saw the mystery of the Southland resolved, the discovery of New Zealand, Hawaii, numerous Pacific Islands and confirmation that a Northwest Passage did not exist. Cook was born in Yorkshire, England, the son of a Scottish labourer and apprenticeship for three years under John Walker, a Quaker coal-shipper of Whitby. In 1755 Walker offered him a command, but instead Cook joined HMS Eagle and within a month was master's mate. After two years on the Channel service, he was promoted master of the Pembroke, and in 1758 crossed the Atlantic in her and took part in the siege of Louisburg and the survey of the St Lawrence River that led to the capture of Quebec. Returning to England in 1762 he married Elizabeth Batts (1742-1832?) of Shadwell, whom he was to rarely see in the ensuing years at sea. Cook then famously commanded three voyages that ended with his death on the island of Hawaii on 14 February 1779.

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