C1789

A View of Botany Bay.

The earliest engraved view of present day Sydney and the first to show the First Fleet in Australian waters. It is based on both a work by an unnamed artist aboard one of the ships, and on further information provided … Read Full Description

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S/N: VTBB-NS-046–197619
(C001)
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Details

Full Title:

A View of Botany Bay.

Date:

C1789

Engraver:

 

Condition:

In good condition.

Technique:

Hand coloured copper engraving.

Image Size: 

230mm 
x 160mm

Paper Size: 

300mm 
x 230mm
AUTHENTICITY
A View of Botany Bay. - Antique View from 1789

Genuine antique
dated:

1789

Description:

The earliest engraved view of present day Sydney and the first to show the First Fleet in Australian waters.

It is based on both a work by an unnamed artist aboard one of the ships, and on further information provided by Governor Phillip for his journal and dispatches to London.

The Supply, the first ship of the fleet to arrive, moored in Botany Bay on 18 January 1788 and was joined the next morning by the Alexander, Friendship and Scarborough. The remaining seven ships arrived on 20 January. Although Botany Bay was the site chosen by the Admiralty, it was soon clear to Captain Phillip that it was not suitable for the intended settlement, as there was little fresh water, and the shallow bay did not provide sufficient shelter from prevailing winds. Phillip ventured north to investigate Port Jackson and finding it to be an excellent natural harbour , decided that it would be the site of the new colony. The ships seen outside the heads are those under the command of the great French explorer, La Pérouse who was last seen on the same day as Phillip entered Botany Bay in January 1788. The mystery of his disappearance was solved by Dumont D’Urville. La Pérouse had been stranded on Vanikoro after both his vessels, La Boussole and the Astrolabe, struck the then unknown reefs of the island in 1788. The first group of convicts were on the ships while anchored at Botany Bay.

References:
Ferguson, J. A. Bibliography of Australia Volumes 1-8, Canberra 1976: 47.
Wantrup, J. Australian Rare Books. Sydney 1987: #5. pp.59-64, pp.127-128, p.345-5, ill. p.63.
McCormick, T. First Views of Australia 1788-1825. Sydney 1987:.


Collections:
State Library Victoria: RARELTF 994.02 P54V
National Gallery Victoria: Bib ID 1807715
British Library London: Shelfmark: C.47.i.10.
Royal Collection Trust UK: RCIN 1142204

Robert Cleveley (1747 - 1809)

Robert Cleveley (1747-1809) Third brother of James Cleveley who was famous painting the death of Cook. This engraving is from the first account of the infant colony at Sydney Cove from information collected by Governer Phillip.

View other items by Robert Cleveley

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