C1773

[A view of Endeavour River, on the coast of New Holland, where the ship was laid on shore in order to repair the damage which she received on the rock.]

The first and earliest engraving of Cook’s ship Endeavour, shown careened on the Endeavour River, Cooktown, Queensland. Note issued without title, only later editions have a printed title. The Endeavour, a converted collier, was chosen by Cook because of it’s … Read Full Description

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Details

Full Title:

[A view of Endeavour River, on the coast of New Holland, where the ship was laid on shore in order to repair the damage which she received on the rock.]

Date:

C1773

Condition:

In good condition, with folds as issued.

Technique:

Copper engraving.

Image Size: 

480mm 
x 220mm

Paper Size: 

533mm 
x 282mm
AUTHENTICITY
[A view of Endeavour River, on the coast of New Holland, where the ship was laid on shore in order to repair the damage which she received on the rock.] - Antique View from 1773

Genuine antique
dated:

1773

Description:

The first and earliest engraving of Cook’s ship Endeavour, shown careened on the Endeavour River, Cooktown, Queensland. Note issued without title, only later editions have a printed title.

The Endeavour, a converted collier, was chosen by Cook because of it’s flat-bottomed design, which allowed it to sail in shallow waters and to be beached for loading and unloading. Here it is shown careened for repairs near present day Cooktown, Queensland. On Cook’s seminal chart of the east coast he gives the name Labyrinth, to the maze of reefs now called the Great Barrier Reef.

‘In the morning of the 17th, though the wind was still fresh, we ventured to weigh, and push in for the harbour; but in doing this we twice run the ship aground.. In the morning of Monday the 18th, a stage was made from the ship to the shore, which was so bold that she floated at twenty feet distance.’ Cook, Journals I, 3, 556-7.

‘The next morning we went early to work, and by four o’clock in the afternoon had got out all the coals, cast the moorings loose, and warped the ship a little higher up the harbour to a place, which I thought most convenient for laying her ashore in order to stop the leak. …At eight o’clock, it being high-water, I hauled her bow ashore; but kept her stern afloat, because I was afraid if neiping her; it was however necessary to lay the whole of her as near the ground as possible.’ Thursday 21, June 1770. Cook, Journals I, 3, 559.

 From Hawkesworth, John; Account of the voyages undertaken by the order of His present Majesty for making discoveries in the southern hemisphere

References:
Beddie, M. Bibliography of Captain James Cook, RN,FRS, Circumnavigator. Sydney 1970: 932-19.
Joppien,R. & Smith, B. The Art of Captain Cook's Voyages; Vol. I, II & III. Melbourne 1985-1987: 1.172A.


Collections:
Royal Museum Greenwich: ID: PAI3988
National Library Australia: Bib ID 562243
Te Papa Museum of New Zealand: Registration Number RB001325/557a
David Rumsey Collection: List No: 3403.048
National Gallery Australia: NGA 2013.4129.9.23

James Cook (1728 - 1779)

Cook was the most important navigator of the Age of Enlightenment, a period that saw the mystery of the Southland resolved, the discovery of New Zealand, Hawaii, numerous Pacific Islands and confirmation that a Northwest Passage did not exist. Cook was born in Yorkshire, England, the son of a Scottish labourer and apprenticeship for three years under John Walker, a Quaker coal-shipper of Whitby. In 1755 Walker offered him a command, but instead Cook joined HMS Eagle and within a month was master's mate. After two years on the Channel service, he was promoted master of the Pembroke, and in 1758 crossed the Atlantic in her and took part in the siege of Louisburg and the survey of the St Lawrence River that led to the capture of Quebec. Returning to England in 1762 he married Elizabeth Batts (1742-1832?) of Shadwell, whom he was to rarely see in the ensuing years at sea. Cook then famously commanded three voyages that ended with his death on the island of Hawaii on 14 February 1779.

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Sydney Parkinson (1745 - 1771)

Sydney Parkinson (17451771) Parkinson was born in Edinburgh, Scotland and from an early age his artistic abilities were noticed. He was employed by Joseph Banks in London before joining him and Daniel Solander on James Cook’s Endeavour on a circumnavigation of the globe (1768-1771) as a botanical draughtsman. During the voyage, he made at least 1,300 drawings and paintings. Parkinson was the first European to draw eucalypts. On the return voyage, he died in Batavia.

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