C1885

[ASIA-INDIA] Bombay Harbour

Very detailed large scale hydrographic chart of Bombay Harbour (Mumbai) by Llewellyn Styles Dawson (1848-1921) who in 1881 was selected to be in charge of the reorganised Marine Survey of India and was specially promoted to commander. This chart was … Read Full Description

$A 450

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S/N: HYDRO-2621-INDI-851421–365360
(RW05A-LF)
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Details

Full Title:

[ASIA-INDIA] Bombay Harbour

Date:

C1885

Condition:

In good condition, with folds as issued.

Technique:

Copper engraving.

Image Size: 

657mm 
x 1015mm

Paper Size: 

697mm 
x 1050mm
AUTHENTICITY
[ASIA-INDIA] Bombay Harbour - Antique Map from 1885

Genuine antique
dated:

1885

Description:

Very detailed large scale hydrographic chart of Bombay Harbour (Mumbai) by Llewellyn Styles Dawson (1848-1921) who in 1881 was selected to be in charge of the reorganised Marine Survey of India and was specially promoted to commander. This chart was first issued in 14th January, 1885 with a new edition to 27th March, 1914 and small corrections 1921.

Collections:
Royal Museums Greenwich: G254:6/76

Hydrographic Office London History ( - )

Naval policy dictated that Admiralty charts be destroyed when superseded to avoid navigational error. The Admiralty’s first Hydrographer, Alexander Dalrymple, was appointed in 1795 and in the next year the existing charts were brought together and catalogued. The first chart the Admiralty produced was of Quiberon Bay in Brittany and did not appear until 1800. Dalrymple was succeeded in 1808 by Captain Thomas Hurd, under whose stewardship the department was given permission to sell charts to the public. Hurd oversaw the first production of “Sailing Directions” in 1829 and the first catalogue in 1825 with 736 charts. Rear-Admiral Sir W. Edward Parry was appointed Hydrographer in 1823 after his second expedition to discover a Northwest Passage. Under Dalrymple’s successor, Captain Thomas Hurd, Admiralty charts were sold to the general public, and by 1825 there were 736 charts listed in the catalogue. In 1829 the first sailing directions were published, and in 1833, under Rear-Admiral Sir Francis Beaufort the tide tables were first published. Notices to Mariners came out in 1834, allowing for the timely correction of charts already in use. Beaufort was certainly responsible for a step change in output; by the time he left the office in 1855 the Hydrographic Office had a catalogue of nearly 2,000 charts and was producing over 130,000 charts, of which about half were provided to the Royal Navy and half sold. Hydrographers; 1795 - 1808 Alexander Dalrymple 1808 - 1823 Captain Thomas Hurd 1823 - 1829 Rear-Admiral Sir William Parry 1829 - 1855 Rear-Admiral Sir Francis Beaufort 1855 - 1863 Rear Admiral John Washington 1863 - 1874 Vice Admiral Sir George Richards 1874 - 1884 Captain Sir Frederick Evans 1884 - 1904 Rear Admiral Sir William Wharton 1904 - 1909 Rear Admiral Mostyn Field 1909 - 1914 Rear Admiral Herbert Purey-Cust 1914 - 1919 Rear Admiral Sir John Parry 1919 - 1924 Vice Admiral Frederick Learmonth 1924 - 1932 Vice Admiral Percy Douglas 1932 - 1945 Vice Admiral Sir John Edgell 1945 - 1950 Rear Admiral Arthur Norris Wyatt

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Llewellyn Styles Dawson (1859 - 1921)

Llewellyn Styles Dawson (1848-1921) Served as a midshipman on the surveying ships, HMS Medina and HMS Hydra from 1836-1865 in the Mediterranean. Then he was stationed on the HMS Sylvia and HMS Serpent on the coasts of China and Japan. Promoted to Lieutenant in 1869, he successfully surveyed the waters of Yangtze. In 1872, he led the search expedition for Livingstone, but resigned after six months. In 1873 he was assigned to Moresby to explore the coasts of New Guinea and was in 1875 placed in command of HMS Renard and later the HMS Alacrity, to survey Fiji Islands. In 1881 he was selected to be in charge of the reorganised Marine Survey of India and was specially promoted to commander. He was reassigned to the command of HMS Sylvia in 1885 to survey the coasts of Africa, Spain, Turkey and Greece in the Mediterranean and the Red Sea. By 1889 he was in command of the HMS Rambler at Thursday Island, and worked in the Torres Strait. His last naval appointment was in 1895, to survey the coasts of Western Australia. He retired as a captain in 1897 and died on December 8, 1921. His memoirs were published in 1885 'Memoirs of Hydrography'. Lieutenant and later Commander, Royal Navy.

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