C1839

Australia

Large scale scarce map of Australia with the only state delineated being South Australia. The colonised towns of Perth (1829), Adelaide (1836) and Melbourne (1837), are marked. Twenty counties listed in New South Wales. The original nineteen counties in New … Read Full Description

$A 1,450

S/N: LTEGA-AM-05239–187350
(RW02 AUST)
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Details

Full Title:

Australia

Date:

C1839

Condition:

Small repair tear at lower sheet edge, otherwise in good condition, with centre fold as issued.

Technique:

Copper engraving with original hand colouring

Image Size: 

496mm 
x 416mm

Paper Size: 

540mm 
x 466mm
AUTHENTICITY
Australia - Antique Map from 1839

Genuine antique
dated:

1839

Description:

Large scale scarce map of Australia with the only state delineated being South Australia. The colonised towns of Perth (1829), Adelaide (1836) and Melbourne (1837), are marked. Twenty counties listed in New South Wales. The original nineteen counties in New South Wales were defined by Governor Darling’s Government in 1826. and are shown on the map in the inset at lower left. In addition the new county of Macquarie created in 1830 and named in honour of Governor Lachlan Macquarie (1762–1824) has been added. The Bogan river here name by John Oxley New Years Creek on 1 January 1829.

The limits of location in the colony of New South Wales where settlers were permitted to take up land was only within the Governments defined as the, Nineteen Counties, and limits to settlement were due to the dangers in the wilderness. They were defined by the Governor of New South Wales Ralph Darling in 1826 in accordance with a government order from Lord Bathurst, the Secretary of State. Counties had been used since the first year of settlement, with Cumberland County being proclaimed on 6th June 1788. Several others were later proclaimed around the Sydney area. Darling proclaimed the division of the settlement into Nineteen Counties in the Sydney Gazette of 17 October 1829. From 1831 the granting of free land ceased and the only land that was to be made available for sale was within the Nineteen Counties. The area covered by the limit, extended to Taree in the north, Batemans Bay in the south and Wellington to the West.

Argyle, Bathurst,  Bligh, Brisbane, Cook, Cumberland, Durham, Georgiana, Gloucester, Hunter, King, Murray, Northumberland, Phillip, Roxburgh, St Vincent, Westmoreland, Wellington

From Lizars, W., “The Edinburgh geographical and historical atlas, comprehending a sketch of the history of geography…”  

 

References:
Tooley, R.V. The Mapping of Australia. London 1979: 864, p.117, pl.115.

Collections:
National Library Australia: Bib ID 166494 (incorrectly states 21 counties in NSW, 20 are shown as in our map.

William Home Lizars (1788 - 1859)

William Home Lizars (1788-1859) Lizars was born at Edinburgh in 1788. He was an artist and engraver, the son of Daniel Lizars, and brother of the surgeon John Lizars. His sister Jean (Jane) Home married Sir William Jardine. His father was a publisher and an engraver and Lizars was apprenticed to his father. He furthered his studies at the Trustees' Academy, Edinburgh. Lizars took over his fathers business on his death. Lizars met J. J. Audubon in Edinburgh in October 1826 and agreed to publish Audubon's, Birds of America. Lizars perfected a method of etching which performed the functions of wood-engraving, for illustration of books. He died in Edinburgh on 30 March 1859, leaving a widow and family. Lizars took an active part in the foundation of the Royal Scottish Academy.

View other items by William Home Lizars

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