C1896
 (1938)

[AUSTRALIA-WA] C.Mentelle to White Pt. shewing approaches to Cape Leeuwin and Flinders Bay Surveyed by Staff Commander W.E.Archdeacon,R.N.

Mapmaker:

Commander W.E. Archdeacon

$A 1,250

In stock

S/N: HYDRO-0413-WA–233322
(M05)

Full Title:

[AUSTRALIA-WA] C.Mentelle to White Pt. shewing approaches to Cape Leeuwin and Flinders Bay Surveyed by Staff Commander W.E.Archdeacon,R.N.

Date:

C1896
 (1938)

Mapmaker:

Commander W.E. Archdeacon

Engraver:

Edward Weller 

Condition:

Some minor discolouration and pencil calculations, otherwise in good condition, with folds as issued.

Technique:

Copper engraving.

Image Size: 

980mm 
x 655mm

Paper Size: 

1015mm 
x 710mm

Description:

Rare hydrographic chart of south west, Western Australia, extending from Cape Mentelle (Margaret River) to White Pt., showing approaches to Cape Leeuwin and Flinders Bay. First issued in 1896 this issue has large corrections to 1911 and small corrections to 1925, adding further extensive information following the new surveys of the coast conducted by:

1878 Staff Commander W.E. Archdeacon, R.N.
1899  Commander J.W. Coombe  (Ship: H.M. Surveying Ship Penguin.)
1910  Captain F.C.C. Pasco  (Ship: H.M. Surveying Ship Fantome)

Collections:
Australian MAritime Museum: ANMS0165[010]
State Library Victoria:  MAPS 100 AJ 1795- (0413)

The regular updating of Hydrographic charts by the Hydrographic Office was to ensure that commanders of ships, pilots and other mariners were able to have the most to up to date information available to safely navigate foreign waters and ports as new information of changes to sea depths, sand bars, wrecks or other any other pertinent nautical information that could hinder passage became available. As updated charts were offered for sale, the earlier outdated charts in the hands of mariners, pilots, ships owners and sailors were invariably discarded, subsequently making all British Admiralty issued hydrographic charts of the period rare.

Mapmaker:

The Admiralty’s first Hydrographer, Alexander Dalrymple, was appointed in 1795 and in the next year the existing charts were brought together and catalogued. The first chart the Admiralty produced was of Quiberon Bay in Brittany and did not appear until 1800. Dalrymple was succeeded in 1808 by Captain Thomas Hurd, under whose stewardship the department was given permission to sell charts to the public. Hurd oversaw the first production of “Sailing Directions” in 1829 and the first catalogue in 1825 with 736 charts. Rear-Admiral Sir W. Edward Parry was appointed Hydrographer in 1823 after his second expedition to discover a Northwest Passage. Under Dalrymple’s successor, Captain Thomas Hurd, Admiralty charts were sold to the general public, and by 1825 there were 736 charts listed in the catalogue. In 1829 the first sailing directions were published, and in 1833, under Rear-Admiral Sir Francis Beaufort the tide tables were first published. Notices to Mariners came out in 1834, allowing for the timely correction of charts already in use. Beaufort was certainly responsible for a step change in output; by the time he left the office in 1855 the Hydrographic Office had a catalogue of nearly 2,000 charts and was producing over 130,000 charts, of which about half were provided to the Royal Navy and half sold.

Hydrographers;
1795 – 1808 Alexander Dalrymple
1808 – 1823 Captain Thomas Hurd
1823 – 1829 Rear-Admiral Sir William Parry
1829 – 1855 Rear-Admiral Sir Francis Beaufort
1855 – 1863 Rear Admiral John Washington
1863 – 1874 Vice Admiral Sir George Richards
1874 – 1884 Captain Sir Frederick Evans
1884 – 1904 Rear Admiral Sir William Wharton
1904 – 1909 Rear Admiral Mostyn Field
1909 – 1914 Rear Admiral Herbert Purey-Cust
1914 – 1919 Rear Admiral Sir John Parry
1919 – 1924 Vice Admiral Frederick Learmonth
1924 – 1932 Vice Admiral Percy Douglas
1932 – 1945 Vice Admiral Sir John Edgell
1945 – 1950 Rear Admiral Arthur Norris Wyatt

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