C1858
 (1866)

[AUSTRALIA-WA] King George Sound and Princess Royal Harbour Surveyed by Staff Commander W.E.Archdeacon, R.N., 1877.

Rare early issue of this important large hydrographic chart of King George Sound and Princess Royal Harbour Surveyed by Staff Commander W.E. Archdeacon, R.N., 1877 Commander L.S. Dawson R.N. First published 24th September 1858, this edition with large additions 1859, … Read Full Description

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Details

Full Title:

[AUSTRALIA-WA] King George Sound and Princess Royal Harbour Surveyed by Staff Commander W.E.Archdeacon, R.N., 1877.

Date:

C1858
 (1866)

Engraver:

 

Condition:

The map has a number of nautical calculations in pencil, otherwise in good condition, with folds.

Technique:

Lithograph printed in colour.

Image Size: 

985mm 
x 675mm

Paper Size: 

1015mm 
x 690mm
AUTHENTICITY
[AUSTRALIA-WA] King George Sound and Princess Royal Harbour Surveyed by Staff Commander W.E.Archdeacon, R.N., 1877. - Antique Map from 1858

Genuine antique
dated:

1866

Description:

Rare early issue of this important large hydrographic chart of King George Sound and Princess Royal Harbour Surveyed by Staff Commander W.E. Archdeacon, R.N., 1877 Commander L.S. Dawson R.N.

First published 24th September 1858, this edition with large additions 1859, May 1864 and Jan. 1866.

 

Hydrographic charting of Australia History ( - )

Naval policy dictated that Admiralty charts be destroyed when superseded to avoid navigational error. It was during Rear Admiral John Washington’s period as the Admiralty’s hydrographer, 1855-1863, that a series of agreements were drawn up with the Australian colonies. These agreements provided boats and crews for use by officers lent from the Royal Navy to chart the coasts and shoal waters in the approaches to the rapidly developing towns, communication with which was seriously hampered by the the frequency of shipwrecks. It had been the discovery of gold and the consequent rush of miners and emigrants from not only England but California that added greatly the numbers of ships sailing to Australia’s east coast. This led to numerous petitions being made to Her Majesty’s Government to chart the eastern approaches to Australia to make for safer passage for shipping.

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Llewellyn Styles Dawson (1859 - 1921)

Llewellyn Styles Dawson (1848-1921) Served as a midshipman on the surveying ships, HMS Medina and HMS Hydra from 1836-1865 in the Mediterranean. Then he was stationed on the HMS Sylvia and HMS Serpent on the coasts of China and Japan. Promoted to Lieutenant in 1869, he successfully surveyed the waters of Yangtze. In 1872, he led the search expedition for Livingstone, but resigned after six months. In 1873 he was assigned to Moresby to explore the coasts of New Guinea and was in 1875 placed in command of HMS Renard and later the HMS Alacrity, to survey Fiji Islands. In 1881 he was selected to be in charge of the reorganised Marine Survey of India and was specially promoted to commander. He was reassigned to the command of HMS Sylvia in 1885 to survey the coasts of Africa, Spain, Turkey and Greece in the Mediterranean and the Red Sea. By 1889 he was in command of the HMS Rambler at Thursday Island, and worked in the Torres Strait. His last naval appointment was in 1895, to survey the coasts of Western Australia. He retired as a captain in 1897 and died on December 8, 1921. His memoirs were published in 1885 'Memoirs of Hydrography'. Lieutenant and later Commander, Royal Navy.

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William Edwin Archdeacon (1839 - 1893)

British naval cartographer, moved to Tenby in the 1880s, taking a house in Heywood Mount. In 1886 he rented no3 Lexden Terrace at £50 per annum. In 1891 he was living there with wife, daughter, son-in law (GE Hamnett, an army captain), granddaughter (Nina); another naval staff commander and his wife were visiting and they had two servants and a nursemaid. Archdeacon entered the Navy in 1854, serving in H.M.S. Dauntless in the Baltic and the Black Sea during the Crimean war. He joined the surveying service in 1857 and was made a navigating lieutenant in 1865. In 1866 he joined the Cape of Good Hope survey taking charge at the end of l867. This survey was concluded in 1872 when Archdeacon and his party were transferred to Western Australia to begin the survey of its coasts. In February 1880, the schooner Meda, built and equipped conjointly by the Imperial and colonial Governments, was ready, and Archdeacon sailed her out to arrive at the Swan River some six months later. He was promoted to staff commander in 1875, returned home in 1882 and assumed command of the west coast of England survey, using the hired vessel Knight Errant. He surveyed in the Bristol Channel, Carmarthen and Cardigan Bays, in Ireland, Cork, Lough Foyle, and Dublin Bay; and in Scotland, the Firth of Clyde, Lamlash Harbour, and Campbeltown Loch. In 1887 his surveys included the Goodwin Sands and Heligoland. He was promoted to staff captain in 1892, but his death came early the next year, upon which it was commented that it had been brought about by his devotion to duty in Insisting on superintending surveying operations while very ill. His grand-daughter stated after his death: That he drew all the maps himself with beautiful drawings of islands and little landscapes. I believe that they are still in use at the Admiralty. In those days naval officers took their wives and families with them when they went abroad. They sailed to Australia in a sailing ship with two masts; this took three months, Perth was then a convict settlement and all the servants were convicts. My Grandfather bought for a few hundred pounds land that is now the main street of Perth; he sold it; for a few thousand pounds. When they sailed back there was a terrible storm and one mast was washed overboard and they knelt down and said their prayers; a shark followed the ship and the second mate went mad and jumped overboard "

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