C1812

Carte d’une partie de la Terre Napolean No 13

Mapmaker:

Louis Claude Desaulses de Freycinet (1779 - 1842)

Large scale chart from the account the voyage of Nicholas Baudin. Shows part of the southern coastline of Australia from Guichen Bay to Moonlight Head (Vic), showing tracks of Le Geographe in 1802. References: Tooley 636 PP 1812.13

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Details

Full Title:

Carte d’une partie de la Terre Napolean No 13

Date:

C1812

Mapmaker:

Louis Claude Desaulses de Freycinet (1779 - 1842)

Condition:

In good condition, centre fold as issued with wide untrimmed margins.

Technique:

Copper engraving.

Image Size: 

750mm 
x 495mm
AUTHENTICITY
Carte d'une partie de la Terre Napolean No 13 - Antique Map from 1812

Genuine antique
dated:

1812

Description:

Large scale chart from the account the voyage of Nicholas Baudin. Shows part of the southern coastline of Australia from Guichen Bay to Moonlight Head (Vic), showing tracks of Le Geographe in 1802.

References: Tooley 636 PP 1812.13

Mapmaker:

 

Henri Louis Freycinet (1777-1840)

Louis de Freycinet, in command of the Uranie,
left Toulon on 17 September 1817. His wife Rose had been smuggled
aboard, and her presence was acknowledged by the time they reached
Gibraltar. They made the usual French passage via Tenerife, Rio, the
Cape of Good Hope and Mauritius, where Louis was reunited briefly with
his brother Henri, then serving as the Governor.

The Uranie reached
Shark Bay on 12 September 1818 and spent some time there, setting up an
observatory and making further thorough surveys of the inlets and
coast; it was during this visit that Freycinet also finally removed the
Vlamingh plate.

From Western Australia they headed to Coupang in
Timor, and crossed to Dili, where the expedition was received in great
state by the Governor. The vessel then picked its way northeast via
Amboina, Pisang, Rawak and the coast of New Guinea, reaching Guam in
mid-March 1819.

The expedition stayed in Guam for eleven weeks
before heading to Hawaii, which was first sighted on 5 August; they
anchored in Kealakekua Bay three days later. They spent an important
fortnight in the islands, making stays at Lahaina and Honolulu, and
meeting any number of important figures there. From Honolulu they headed
towards New South Wales, passing Samoa and the Cook Islands and naming
“Rose Island”, which Freycinet erroneously thought a new discovery.

They
anchored in Port Jackson on 18 November, and spent a busy month in the
bustling town, the growth of which astonished Freycinet. All of his
savants set off to make surveys, including the important group of Quoy,
Pellion and Gaudichaud, who crossed the Blue Mountains. It became a
hectic social visit for Louis and Rose, who were fêted by Sydney
society, and who cemented friendships with local luminaries like Barron
Field and William Bland. The visit confirmed Freycinet’s interest in the
region, which he would later make the subject of a detailed section in
his voyage account.

Leaving Port Jackson on Christmas Day,
Freycinet sailed around the southern coast of New Zealand, making a fast
passage to Cape Horn, where boisterous weather drove him into the
southern Atlantic, and he made the decision to make urgently-needed
repairs to the Uranie at “French Bay” (now Berkeley Sound) on the
eastern coast of the Falklands. While entering the harbour on 14
February 1820 he struck submerged rocks, compelling him to beach the
vessel, which was found to be irreparably damaged. Salvaging as much as
they could from the wreck, the French set about sending a longboat to
Montevideo for assistance, but before they could the sealing vessel
General Knox, Captain Horn, came into sight. Reluctant negotiations were
begun but before an agreement was reached, another vessel the Mercury,
Captain Galvin, arrived, and it was on this second vessel that a passage
to Rio de Janeiro was booked. Conflict between the French and the
existing passengers, a group of Chilean rebels, meant that the deal
changed, and Freycinet actually purchased the Mercury and agreed to
disembark Galvin and the Chileans in Montevideo. On 8 May Freycinet took
command, immediately renamed the ship the Physicienne, and it was on
this vessel that the expedition returned to Le Havre on 13 November
1820, after around three years at sea. Freycinet spent the next two
decades co-ordinating and writing the official narrative of the voyage:
its publishing history is discussed in Appendix 4.

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