C1778

Carte de L'Hemisphere Austral Montrant les Routes des Navigateurs les Plus Celebres.

Mapmaker:

James Cook (1728 - 1779)

$A 1,250

In stock

Full Title:

Carte de L’Hemisphere Austral Montrant les Routes des Navigateurs les Plus Celebres.

Date:

C1778

Mapmaker:

James Cook (1728 - 1779)

Condition:

In good condition, with folds as issued.

Technique:

Hand coloured copper engraving.

Image Size: 

550mm 
x 550mm

Paper Size: 

605mm 
x 555mm

Description:

French issue of the most important and most up-to-date chart of the southern hemisphere that dispelled the classical myth of Terra Australia Incognita.

Second Voyage: 1772-1775 Ships: Resolution & Adventure Rank:Commander

Cook was promoted Commander and given charge of a second expedition, in the two ships, Resolution and Adventure which was under the command of Captain Tobias Furneaux. On this second voyage Cook was to circumnavigate the world in high southern latitudes and producing a chart of the Southern Hemisphere which extended the knowledge of Antarctica.

In February and March 1773 the Adventure parted from the Resolution by fog and gales, made for the south coast of Van Diemen’s Land. Here Furneaux renamed Adventure Bay on Bruny Island, sailed round Tasman Peninsula and sailed up the east coast to Flinders Island, but through bad weather failed to reach Point Hicks before proceeding to the agreed rendezvous with the Resolution in New Zealand.

The ships met as agreed in New Zealand (February-May 1773) and from there set off to explore the central Pacific, visiting Tahiti (August), where, from the island of Raiatea, they took aboard Omai who returned with the Adventure to England (7 September). Omai was taken to England, arriving at London in October 1774 where he was introduced into society by the naturalist Sir Joseph Banks. During his two-year stay in England, Omai became much admired within London high society.

After visiting Amsterdam and Middelburg, two islands that Cook called the Friendly Islands (Tongan group) (October) the ships became separated and never met again.

Cook on Resolution then attempted another search for the Great Southern Continent (November 1773), crossing the Antarctic Circle on 20th December 1773. However, the ice and cold soon forced him to turn north again and he made another search in the central Pacific for the Great Southern Continent. On 17 January 1774 he turned south again, crossing the Antarctic Circle for the second time and then again for a third time 26 January 1774.

Cook sailed north, arriving at Easter Island in March 1774, followed by visits to the Marquesas (March); Tahiti (April) and Raiatea (June); past the Cook Islands and Niue, or Savage Islands as Cook called them; Tonga (June); Vatoa, the only Fijian Island visited by Cook (July); New Hebrides (Vanuatu) (17 July-August); New Caledonia (September) and Norfolk Island (October); before returning to New Zealand (October 1774). He departed for Britain via the Southern Ocean in November 1774 and arrived at Portsmouth on 30th July 1775.

On his return he was made a member of the Royal Society, received its Copley Medal for achievement and was promoted to post-captain of Greenwich Hospital.

Collections:

National Library of Australia: Bib ID 2429207

Mapmaker:

James Cook (1728-1779)

Cook was the most important navigator of the Age of Enlightenment, a period that saw the mystery of the Southland resolved, the discovery of New Zealand, Hawaii charted, numerous Pacific Islands and confirmation that a northwest passage did not exist.

Cook was born in Yorkshire, England, the son of a Scottish labourer and apprenticeship for three years under John Walker, a Quaker coal-shipper of Whitby. In 1755 Walker offered him a command, but instead Cook joined H.M.S. Eagle and within a month was master’s mate. After two years on the Channel service, he was promoted master of the Pembroke, and in 1758 crossed the Atlantic in her and took part in the siege of Louisburg and the survey of the St Lawrence River that led to the capture of Quebec. Returning to England in 1762 he married Elizabeth Batts (1742-1832?) of Shadwell, whom he was to rarely see in the ensuing years at sea. Cook then famously commanded three voyages that ended with his death on the island of Hawaii on 14 February 1779.

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