C1774

Carte Du Detroit de Cook Dans La nle.Zelande

Scarce c.17th map of Cook’s Strait, from the French edition of the accounts of Cook’s first voyage. published (1774) the year after the English edition (1773). The title in the English version was: Chart of Cook’s Strait in New Zealand. Abel … Read Full Description

$A 450

S/N: CK01F-NZ-0311–231167
(C028)
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Details

Full Title:

Carte Du Detroit de Cook Dans La nle.Zelande

Date:

C1774

Condition:

In good condition, with folds as issued.

Technique:

Hand coloured copper engraving.

Image Size: 

275mm 
x 270mm

Paper Size: 

341mm 
x 294mm
AUTHENTICITY
Carte Du Detroit de Cook Dans La nle.Zelande - Antique Map from 1774

Genuine antique
dated:

1774

Description:

Scarce c.17th map of Cook’s Strait, from the French edition of the accounts of Cook’s first voyage. published (1774) the year after the English edition (1773).

The title in the English version was: Chart of Cook’s Strait in New Zealand.

Abel Tasman had entered Cook’s Strait in 1642 assuming it was a bay and anchored for the night. The next day they found themselves in a narrow passage they quickly took advantage of the wind and exited the strait. In doing so the Dutch did not find the passage from the East Indies to the Pacific which they had sought.

Cook had entered the strait 6 February 1770 and reached Cape Palliser on the south-east tip of the North Island on 13 February.

References; Andrew, Hakluyt Society 1.245A  ill.p.239 (English edition), Tooley 324

From Hawkesworth, An Account of the Voyages Undertaken by the Order of His Present Majesty for Making Discoveries in the Southern Hemisphere,..

First voyage: 1768-1771 Ship:HMS Endeavour  Rank: Lieutenant

Cook was chosen to lead an expedition to the South Seas to observe the transit of Venus, in preference to the Royal Society’s recommendation of Alexander Dalrymple. The Admiralty wisely chose Cook and promoted him from master to lieutenant and gave him command of the H.M.S.Endeavour,a 368 tons converted collier. He sailed from Plymouth on 26 August 1768 with a complement of ninety-four, including Joseph Bank’s. They reached Tahiti on 13 April 1769 and made their observations and charted the islands.

Cook had also been given, secret instructions just prior to his departure, to determine the existence of a southern continent which instructed him to sail to the portion of the north west coast of the south island of New Zealand that had been discovered by Abel Tasman in December 1742. In August 1769, he charted the islands of New Zealand.

Further following his instructions he sailed westward towards the Southern Continent; ‘We sailed Westward until we fall in with the E coast of New Holland’. At 6 p.m. on 19 April 1770 Lieutenant Hicks sighted the south-east coast of Australia which was named after him. Cook then proceeded north, charting the coast and seeking a harbour where the Endeavour’s fouled bottom could be scraped. On 29 April he landed at ‘Stingray Bay’, where Banks and his naturalists collected so many botanical specimens that the anchorage was renamed ‘Botany Bay’. After a week they sailed again and landing at Bustard Bay (Seventeen Seventy, QLD) on May 1770. Further north Cook found himself in the treacherous waters of the Barrier Reef and on the 11th June the ship struck fast on a coral reef at high tide. Ballast, guns and decayed stores were thrown overboard and after three days she was beached and careened for repairs in the Endeavour River. Repairs and gales delayed them for seven weeks but, after rounding and naming Cape York, on 22 August at Possession Island, and took possession of the whole eastern coast, later adding the name, New South Wales, in his journal. Satisfied that New Guinea and New Holland were separate islands, he sailed for Batavia, arriving on 11 October. Repairs and refitting delayed his departure until 26 December, reaching England 13 July 1771.

 

 

References:
Tooley, R.V. The Mapping of Australia. London 1979: 341, 47.

Collections:
National Library Australia: Bib ID 1298463
State Library New South Wales: CALL NUMBERS M2 980.1/1770/2

James Cook (1728 - 1779)

Cook was the most important navigator of the Age of Enlightenment, a period that saw the mystery of the Southland resolved, the discovery of New Zealand, Hawaii, numerous Pacific Islands and confirmation that a Northwest Passage did not exist. Cook was born in Yorkshire, England, the son of a Scottish labourer and apprenticeship for three years under John Walker, a Quaker coal-shipper of Whitby. In 1755 Walker offered him a command, but instead Cook joined HMS Eagle and within a month was master's mate. After two years on the Channel service, he was promoted master of the Pembroke, and in 1758 crossed the Atlantic in her and took part in the siege of Louisburg and the survey of the St Lawrence River that led to the capture of Quebec. Returning to England in 1762 he married Elizabeth Batts (1742-1832?) of Shadwell, whom he was to rarely see in the ensuing years at sea. Cook then famously commanded three voyages that ended with his death on the island of Hawaii on 14 February 1779.

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