C1774

Carte d'une partie de la Mer du Sud contenant les Decouvertes des Vaisseaux de sa Majeste

French edition of the most up to date map of Australia and the Pacific at the time of its publication. Cook’s discoveries shown on this seminal map are those made on his first voyage in the Endeavour. On this first voyage Cook finally … Read Full Description

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Details

Full Title:

Carte d’une partie de la Mer du Sud contenant les Decouvertes des Vaisseaux de sa Majeste

Date:

C1774

Condition:

In good condition, with folds as issued.

Technique:

Hand coloured copper engraving.

Image Size: 

350mm 
x 700mm

Paper Size: 

460mm 
x 735mm
AUTHENTICITY
Carte d'une partie de la Mer du Sud contenant les Decouvertes des Vaisseaux de sa Majeste - Antique Map from 1774

Genuine antique
dated:

1774

Description:

French edition of the most up to date map of Australia and the Pacific at the time of its publication. Cook’s discoveries shown on this seminal map are those made on his first voyage in the Endeavour. On this first voyage Cook finally resolved the question of Terra Australis Incognito that had puzzled and intrigued explorers and cartographers for centuries. Officially, Cook was sent by the British Admiralty to observe the transit of Venus from Tahiti but prior to his departure he was given secret instructions which set out the true nature of his mission. They instructed that after observing the transit of Venus, he was to sail for the Great Southern Continent. In the event that he found the Continent, he should chart its coasts, obtain information about its people, cultivate their friendship and alliance, and annex any convenient trading posts in the King’s name. Cook first sighted the Australian east coast on 19 April 1770 after sailing west from New Zealand and then sailed north, anchoring at Botany Bay on 29 April 1770, before methodically charting the entire east coast. It was his observations while at Botany Bay that were later used by Joseph Banks to make the case for a penal colony. The voyage almost came to a fatal end when the Endeavour struck the Great Barrier Reef, which Cook subsequently named the Labyrinth. Fortunately, Cook was able to steer the ship clear to Endeavour River, near Cooktown, where she was careened for repairs.

Thursday 19, June 1770, Cooks Journals I, 3, 483;

‘..at six we saw land extending from
N.E. to W. at the distance of five of six leagues….The southernmost point of land in sight, which bore from us W.1/4S. I judged to lie in latitude 38°, longitude, 211°, 7′, and gave it the name of POINT HICKS, because Mr. Hicks, the First Lieutenant,
was the first who discovered it.’

References;

David, Andrew (Hakluyt Society), The Charts and Coastal Views of Captain Cook’s Voyages;  The Voyage of the Endeavour 1768-1771: 1.270A, ill.p.262,
Beddie, M.K., Bibliography of Captain James Cook.;  860 p.160
Tooley, R.V.: Mapping of Australia;  321

From the French edition of Hawkesworth, An Account of the Voyages Undertaken by the Order of His Present Majesty for Making Discoveries in the Southern Hemisphere…

James Cook (1728 - 1779)

Cook was the most important navigator of the Age of Enlightenment, a period that saw the mystery of the Southland resolved, the discovery of New Zealand, Hawaii, numerous Pacific Islands and confirmation that a Northwest Passage did not exist. Cook was born in Yorkshire, England, the son of a Scottish labourer and apprenticeship for three years under John Walker, a Quaker coal-shipper of Whitby. In 1755 Walker offered him a command, but instead Cook joined HMS Eagle and within a month was master's mate. After two years on the Channel service, he was promoted master of the Pembroke, and in 1758 crossed the Atlantic in her and took part in the siege of Louisburg and the survey of the St Lawrence River that led to the capture of Quebec. Returning to England in 1762 he married Elizabeth Batts (1742-1832?) of Shadwell, whom he was to rarely see in the ensuing years at sea. Cook then famously commanded three voyages that ended with his death on the island of Hawaii on 14 February 1779.

View other items by James Cook

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