C1753

Carte Reduite Des Terres Australes.

One of only a handful of c.18th maps solely devoted to the Australian continent, by Nicholas Bellin the most eminent French cartographer of his day. The map records the Dutch discoveries made of the Australian coastline which culminated in those … Read Full Description

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S/N: HGDV-AM-GEN-1108–185327
(C091)
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Details

Full Title:

Carte Reduite Des Terres Australes.

Date:

C1753

Condition:

In good condition, with folds as issued.

Technique:

Copper engraving uncoloured as issued.

Image Size: 

275mm 
x 200mm

Paper Size: 

348mm 
x 253mm
AUTHENTICITY
Carte Reduite Des Terres Australes. - Antique Map from 1753

Genuine antique
dated:

1753

Description:

One of only a handful of c.18th maps solely devoted to the Australian continent, by Nicholas Bellin the most eminent French cartographer of his day.

The map records the Dutch discoveries made of the Australian coastline which culminated in those of Tasman’s on his first and second voyages 1642-4. The earlier Dutch discoveries, include those on the west coast of Cape York Peninsula made by; Cartensz 1623, Hartog 1616, Houtman 1619, the van Leeuwin 1622, de Wit 1628, Nuyts 1627 and Vlamingh 1697. The map also records William Dampier’s visit to Shark Bay 1699. As the Dutch were unsuccessful in establishing a trading relationship with the Australian aborigines and with their good knowledge of the western coastline which was their main hazard for their sea route to Batavia, they had no need for further exploration or charting of the continent. Their voyages after Tasman’s second voyage were purely commercial trading voyages of spices from the East Indies using the Brouwer route. Tasman’s map of the Australian continent was to remain unchanged for nearly two hundred years until the discovery of the east coast by James Cook 1769-70 made on his first voyage of discovery. 

Bellin completes Australia’s east coast with an imaginary line connecting the southern portions of Van Diemen’s Land discovered by Abel Tasman, to the Solomon Islands and New Guinea. He includes a note on the east coast; Je Suppose que de Diemen peut Venir se joundre avec la Terre de S. Espirit mais sans preuves, ( I assume that de Diemen can come to join with the Land of S. Spirit but without proof).

References:
Mickwitz & Miekkavaara, The A.E. Nordenskiold Collection: Annotated Catalogue of Maps made up to 1800. Helsinki 1979-1995: 638.
Tooley, R.V. The Mapping of Australia. London 1979: 156, ill.pl.9, 80, p.24.
Clancy, R. The Mapping of Terra Australia. Sydney 1995: p.92, ill.6.28.
Perry, T. The Discovery of Australia. Sydney 1982: ill. pl. 30.


Collections:
National Library Australia: Bib ID 1810325
State Library New South Wales: 74VvkoXDzaVA

Jacques Nicolas Bellin (1703 - 1772)

Bellin was a French multifaceted hydrographer and geographer had an incredibly successful 50 year career producing maps. His illustrious career started at just 18 years of age when he was appointed Chief Cartographer to the French Navy in 1721. His attention to detail, accuracy and high standard of workmanship resulted in him playing an integral role to France’s leadership in European cartography. In addition to being the Chief Cartographer of France’s hydrographic office, he was also a member of the Académie de Marine, the Royal Society of London, and the Philosophes (French intellectual group).

View other items by Jacques Nicolas Bellin

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