C1784

Chart of the Friendly Islands.

Rare c.18th engraved map from the official British Admiralty sanctioned edition of the accounts of Cook’s third voyage. Chart of the Friendly Islands (Tongan group). Cook had previously visited the islands on his second voyage 2 – 8 October 1773 … Read Full Description

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Details

Full Title:

Chart of the Friendly Islands.

Date:

C1784

Condition:

In good condition with folds as issued.

Technique:

Copper engraving.

Image Size: 

350mm 
x 245mm

Paper Size: 

443mm 
x 284mm
AUTHENTICITY
Chart of the Friendly Islands. - Antique Map from 1784

Genuine antique
dated:

1784

Description:

Rare c.18th engraved map from the official British Admiralty sanctioned edition of the accounts of Cook’s third voyage.

Chart of the Friendly Islands (Tongan group). Cook had previously visited the islands on his second voyage 2 – 8 October 1773 and then again 26 – 29 June 1774, after which the ships became separated and were never to meet again.

After leaving Raiatea (Society Islands) on 18 September 1773, Cook directed his course towards Amsterdam Island (Tongatapu), discovered by Tasman in 1643, intending to verify Tasman’s charting against his own charts. The ships stayed for three days, thoroughly enjoying the reception they had received and called the group the Friendly Islands. On his second visit he headed for the Nomuka, the largest island of the south central group of Tonga.

On his third voyage Cook had visited Hapaee (Lifuka), one of the islands of the Ha’apai group of Tonga. Cook had arrived on the island 17 July 1777 and stayed until the 29th. He then headed had left Lifuka on 29 May 1777 and steered to the largest island of the Tongan group, Amsterdam or Tongatapu, and anchored by 10 June.

From Cook & King, A Voyage to the Pacific Ocean, for making Discoveries in the Northern Hemisphere. Performed under the Direction of Captains Cook, Clerke, and Gore, in His Majesty’s Ships the Resolution and Discovery; in the Years 1776, 1777, 1778, 1779, and 1780.

References:
Beddie, M. Bibliography of Captain James Cook, RN,FRS, Circumnavigator. Sydney 1970 1543 & 1743-6, p.339.
Joppien,R. & Smith, B. The Art of Captain Cook’s Voyages; Vol. I, II & III. Melbourne 1985-1987 3.10A, ill.p.272.
Forbes, D. Hawaiian National Bibliography 1780- 1830. Honolulu /Sydney, 1999/2003 62; cf.
Carter, J. & Muir, P. Printing and the Mind of Man London 1983 223.
Sabin, J. A Dictionary of Books Relating to America, from its Discovery to the Present Time. New York. (1936) 1967. 16250.
Hill, J. The Hill Collection of Pacific Voyages. San Diego 1974 321.

Collections:
State Library New South Wales: CALL NUMBERS RB/F990A/9
State Library Victoria: RARELT 910.41 C773VS
State Library South Australia: Special Collection: 919 C771

James Cook (1728 - 1779)

Cook was the most important navigator of the Age of Enlightenment, a period that saw the mystery of the Southland resolved, the discovery of New Zealand, Hawaii, numerous Pacific Islands and confirmation that a Northwest Passage did not exist. Cook was born in Yorkshire, England, the son of a Scottish labourer and apprenticeship for three years under John Walker, a Quaker coal-shipper of Whitby. In 1755 Walker offered him a command, but instead Cook joined HMS Eagle and within a month was master's mate. After two years on the Channel service, he was promoted master of the Pembroke, and in 1758 crossed the Atlantic in her and took part in the siege of Louisburg and the survey of the St Lawrence River that led to the capture of Quebec. Returning to England in 1762 he married Elizabeth Batts (1742-1832?) of Shadwell, whom he was to rarely see in the ensuing years at sea. Cook then famously commanded three voyages that ended with his death on the island of Hawaii on 14 February 1779.

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