C1784

Chart of the Sandwich Islands. / Sketch of Karakakooa Bay.

The first map of the Hawaiian Islands from the official English edition of the accounts of Captain James Cook’s third and final voyage of discovery. The map features the tracks of Cook’s ships with an inset of Kararkooa Bay at … Read Full Description

$A 3,250

S/N: CK03E-3001049-PI-HAWI–185881
(C029)
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Details

Full Title:

Chart of the Sandwich Islands. / Sketch of Karakakooa Bay.

Date:

C1784

Condition:

Expertly repaired tear lower right corner as often found, otherwise in good condition, with folds as issued.

Technique:

Copper engraving.

Image Size: 

465mm 
x 275mm

Paper Size: 

494mm 
x 307mm
AUTHENTICITY
Chart of the Sandwich Islands. / Sketch of Karakakooa Bay. - Antique Map from 1784

Genuine antique
dated:

1784

Description:

The first map of the Hawaiian Islands from the official English edition of the accounts of Captain James Cook’s third and final voyage of discovery.

The map features the tracks of Cook’s ships with an inset of Kararkooa Bay at lower left. 

Cook discovered the Hawaiian Island of Kauai (Atooi) on 19 January 1778, spending four days exploring and engaging with the natives of Waimea. He then sailed to Nihau on 30 January 1778, departing 2 February in search of the Northwest Passage. Cook returned to the Hawaiian Islands, sighting Maui (Mowee) on November 26 1778. Unable to land, he then sailed on and charted the island of Hawaii. At Kealakekua, on 17th January 1779 he received an enormous welcome by a flotilla of Hawaiian canoes. The Islanders, believing Cook was an incarnation of the God Lono, hosted a grand ceremony in his honour.

Cook left February 4 1779, amidst increasing tension between natives and crew members. While proceeding along the Kohala coast, the ships encountered a gale. A damaged mast on the Resolution  forced the ships to return immediately to Kealakekua for repairs. After tools were stolen from the Discovery, (the armourer’s tongs and later a cutter). Cook went ashore on 14 February with nine marines and attempted to take Kalani`opu`u, a powerful Hawaiian Island chief, as hostage. A scuffle ensued between the Hawaiians and Cook’s shore party resulting in the death of Cook and four marines. After the skirmish a truce was declared, communication was resumed and the damaged mast repaired. The British requested the return of Cook’s remains, however only part of Cook’s body was returned along with his personal effects. The Resolution and Discovery left Hawaii February 22 1779 under the command of Captain Charles Clerke and Captain James King.

From Cook & King,  A Voyage to the Pacific Ocean Undertaken by the Command of His Majesty, for Making Discoveries in the Northern Hemisphere….

References:
Suarez, T. Early Mapping of the Pacific. Singapore 2004: fig 146, p.151.
Howgego, J. Encyclopedia of Exploration to 1800. Sydney 2011: B106.
Fitzpatrick, G. The Early Mapping of Hawaii. Routledge 1987: pl.2.
Hill, J. The Hill Collection of Pacific Voyages. San Diego 1974: 361. p.121, .


Collections:
National Library Australia: Bib ID 3539641
Te Papa Museum of New Zealand: Registration NumberRB000261/080a

James Cook (1728 - 1779)

Cook was the most important navigator of the Age of Enlightenment, a period that saw the mystery of the Southland resolved, the discovery of New Zealand, Hawaii, numerous Pacific Islands and confirmation that a Northwest Passage did not exist. Cook was born in Yorkshire, England, the son of a Scottish labourer and apprenticeship for three years under John Walker, a Quaker coal-shipper of Whitby. In 1755 Walker offered him a command, but instead Cook joined HMS Eagle and within a month was master's mate. After two years on the Channel service, he was promoted master of the Pembroke, and in 1758 crossed the Atlantic in her and took part in the siege of Louisburg and the survey of the St Lawrence River that led to the capture of Quebec. Returning to England in 1762 he married Elizabeth Batts (1742-1832?) of Shadwell, whom he was to rarely see in the ensuing years at sea. Cook then famously commanded three voyages that ended with his death on the island of Hawaii on 14 February 1779.

View other items by James Cook

William Bligh (1754 - 1817)

Bligh was a naval officer and governor. He was descended from a family settled in St Tudy, Cornwall, since 1680, whose members had been mayors of Bodmin in the sixteenth century. William was entered in H.M.S. Monmouth on July 1762, was paid off the following February, and joined the navy on 27 July 1770. Since there was no vacancy for midshipmen, he was rated 'able-seaman', but he messed with the former and officially became one in February 1771. On 17 March 1776 he was appointed master of the Resolution, on James Cook's third voyage. On the voyage made a number of the charts.

View other items by William Bligh

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