C1800

Chorizema Ilicifolia

Artist:

Pierre Joseph Redoute (1759 - 1840)

$A 300

In stock

S/N: APSAL-BOT-AA-021–199658
(FLR)

Full Title:

Chorizema Ilicifolia

Date:

C1800

Artist:

Pierre Joseph Redoute (1759 - 1840)

Condition:

Two spots on lower area of image, otherwise in good condition.

Technique:

Copper engraving hand coloured

Image Size: 

303mm 
x 440mm

Paper Size: 

336mm 
x 515mm

Description:

Superb engraving of the Holly Flame Pea, a Western Australian native, from a painting by Pierre Joseph Redoute who during the patronage of the Empress Josephine, produced his finest works which included numerous Australian plants provided by the great French voyage of exploration under the command of Bruni  D’Entrecasteaux.

D’Entrecasteaux anchored near Esperance on Western Australia’s southern coast, in 1792. On 14 December, the zoologist Claude Riche had gone ashore, and failed to return. A search the following day proved unsuccessful. Several senior members of the expedition were convinced that Riche must have perished of thirst or at the hands of the Aborigines, and counselled d’Entrecasteaux to sail without him. However Labillardiere convinced d’Entrecasteaux to search for another day, and was rewarded not only with the recovery of Riche, but also with the collection of several botanical specimens, including the first specimens of Anigozanthos (Kangaroo Paw), Nuytsia floribunda (West Australian Christmas Tree), Banksia nivea (Honeypot Dryandra) and Banksi repens. 

‘A rare account of a voyage with tremendous significance to the exploration of Australia and the Pacific. ‘ Wantrup.

D’Entrecasteaux joined the French navy in 1754 and fought in 1756 at Minorca. He assumed command of the French fleet of the East Indies and in 1787, was appointed Governor of Mauritius and the Isle of Bourbon. During his voyage in search of La Perouse in 1791-92, he determined the position of Amsterdam Island, explored the coastlines of New Caledonia, Tasmania, and New Holland, and located several groups of islands.

Modern common name Holly flame pea

Modern binomial name Chorizema ilicifolium

First described Labillardiere 1800

Distribution WA

References Wantrup 64a-b, Hill 467, Sabin 22671.

Biography:

Pierre Joseph Redouté (1759-1840)

Redoute was one of the most famous flower painters of all time. His professional career began after he went to Paris in 1782 where he initially worked as a decorative painter at the “Theatre des Italiens”. He was steered into botanical painting after he met the botanist Charles Louis L’Héritier. Soon after he helped illustrate L’Héritier’s “Stirpes Novae”. Redoutes work was noticed by the famour botanical artist Gérard von Spaendonck, who produced drawings and paintings for the famous Velins du Roi. Spaendonck recruited Pierre Joseph Redouté as a staff member, and he subsequently contributed over 500 paintings to this huge undertaking.

Redoute learnt  Spaendonck’s watercolor technique, by which he used to produce flower paintings with a bright transparency. He was then appointed court painter to Marie-Antoinette and subsequently becoming one of France’s most popular flower painters. He perfected the color stipple engraving technique, which he had learned during a stay in London and first applied it in his illustrations for de Candolle’s work “Plantes Grasses”. In 1805 he was appointed court and flower painter to the Empress Josephine. From 1817 to 1824 he produced his greatest illustrated work, the monograp “Les Roses”. 

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