C1791

Chrysanthemum pinnatifidum.

Artist:

Pierre Joseph Redouté (1759 - 1840)

$A 550

In stock

S/N: BOT-OS-SNAMC-124–186054

Full Title:

Chrysanthemum pinnatifidum.

Date:

C1791

Artist:

Pierre Joseph Redouté (1759 - 1840)

Engraver:

Nöel Sellier 

Condition:

Repaired hole top left print otherwise good condition.

Technique:

Original colour printed stipple engraving.

Image Size: 

275mm 
x 400mm

Description:

Charles Louis L’Héritier de Brutelle (1746-1800) was a botanist and magistrate of France whose family held considerable wealth derived from commerce, and belonged to the upper stratum of court society. L’Héritier’s first botanical publication was also his most important, but it was never finished. As one biographer put it, ” …it was doomed to get stuck in the French revolution. “Stirpes novae aut minus cognitae”, was intended to be a work of two volumes with at least 120 plates, but only six fascicles were published-in the years 1785-1791 with eighty-four plates and accompanying descriptive texts. Many of the plants described were new plants from living specimens. The author himself was too busy with official duties to engage in active plant collecting, but he employed a team of young men to do the work for him. He also paid the full costs of his publications from his own resources. Possibly the most notable feature of the Stirpes novae are the illustrations of Pierre-Joseph Redouté (1759-1840), the highly renowned artist who was actually “discovered” by L’Héritier around 1784. The two became close friends and Redouté was employed to produce the plates. The author instructed him in the techniques of dissection and the details of plant anatomy and permitted the artist to use his extensive collection of illustrated botanical works. Stirpes novae was Redouté’s first botanical publication, and the artist credited his mentor with leading him to a new career in which he could develop his talents. The very rare deluxe hand-coloured issue with the plates produced under Redouté’s supervision and coloured in his studio. The number of coloured copies issued is not known, Stafleu and Cowan note that ‘Some copies have coloured plates’, and only the de Belder copy is listed as having sold at auction in the past twenty five years.

Biography:

Pierre Joseph Redouté (1759-1840) 
Redouté was one of the most famous flower painters of all time. His professional career began after he went to Paris in 1782 where he initially worked as a decorative painter at the “Theatre des Italiens”. He was steered into botanical painting after he met the botanist Charles Louis L’Héritier. Soon after he helped illustrate L’Héritier’s “Stirpes Novae”. Redoutes work was noticed by the famour botanical artist Gérard von Spaendonck, who produced drawings and paintings for the famous Velins du Roi. Spaendonck recruited Pierre Joseph Redouté as a staff member, and he subsequently contributed over 500 paintings to this huge undertaking.
Redoute learnt  Spaendonck’s watercolor technique, by which he used to produce flower paintings with a bright transparency. He was then appointed court painter to Marie-Antoinette and subsequently becoming one of France’s most popular flower painters. He perfected the color stipple engraving technique, which he had learned during a stay in London and first applied it in his illustrations for de Candolle’s work “Plantes Grasses”. In 1805 he was appointed court and flower painter to the Empress Josephine. From 1817 to 1824 he produced his greatest illustrated work, the monograp “Les Roses”.

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