C1841

Colony of New South Wales and Australia Felix.

First edition of this large scale map of the settled portions of New South Wales and Victoria, named Australia Felix, with the tracks of the following inland explorers; Mitchell, Streletsky’s, Tyers and Townsend, showing the original nineteen counties in New … Read Full Description

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Details

Full Title:

Colony of New South Wales and Australia Felix.

Date:

C1841

Condition:

In good condition, with centre fold as issued.

Technique:

Copper engraving with original hand colouring.

Image Size: 

615mm 
x 500mm

Paper Size: 

662mm 
x 553mm
AUTHENTICITY
Colony of New South Wales and Australia Felix. - Antique Map from 1841

Genuine antique
dated:

1841

Description:

First edition of this large scale map of the settled portions of New South Wales and Victoria, named Australia Felix, with the tracks of the following inland explorers; Mitchell, Streletsky’s, Tyers and Townsend, showing the original nineteen counties in New South Wales.

The nineteen counties were defined by Governor Darling’s Government in 1826. In addition, the new county of Macquarie created in 1830 and named in honour of Governor Lachlan Macquarie (1762–1824) is shown but not delineated. The limits of the colony of New South Wales where settlers were permitted to take up land was only within these Governments defined, Nineteen Counties, and limits to settlement were due to the dangers in the wilderness. They were defined by the Governor of New South Wales Ralph Darling in 1826 in accordance with a government order from Lord Bathurst, the Secretary of State. Counties had been used since the first year of settlement, with Cumberland County being proclaimed on 6th June 1788 and several others were later proclaimed around the Sydney area. Darling proclaimed the division of the settlement into Nineteen Counties in the Sydney Gazette of 17 October 1829. From 1831 the granting of free land ceased and the only land that was to be made available for sale was within these listed Nineteen Counties. The area covered by the limit, extended to Taree in the north, Moruya River in the south and Wellington to the West.

The names of the Nineteen Counties were; Argyle, Bathurst,  Bligh, Brisbane, Cook, Cumberland, Durham, Georgiana, Gloucester, Hunter, King, Murray, Northumberland, Phillip, Roxburgh, St Vincent, Westmoreland, Wellington.

From Johnston, K. The National atlas of historical, commercial and political geography. Glasgow

 

References:
Tooley, R.V. The Mapping of Australia. London 1979: 761.

Collections:
National Library Australia: Bib ID 2108052

Alexander Keith Johnston (1804 - 1871)

Johnston was a Scottish cartographer educated the University of Edinburgh. He was apprenticed to the Edinburgh engraver and mapmaker, James Kirkwood. In 1826 he and his brother William began in a printing and engraving business, forming the well-known firm of W. and A. K. Johnston. Johnston was a prolific mapmaker and publisher. He was soon professionally recognised by being appointed Geographer Royal of Scotland. In October 1849 he was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh and in 1862 he was a founding member of the Meteorological Society of Scotland.

View other items by Alexander Keith Johnston

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