C1561

Der Statt Rom in alten Welt. [Rome]

Early detailed C.16th woodcut of Rome from Sebastian Munster’s Cosmography. The woodcut depicts the city as it was in 1549 with north at the bottom and the key lists twenty three prominent landmarks excluding the Colosseum. Munster explains the reason … Read Full Description

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S/N: COSM-EU-ITA-ROM–232280
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Details

Full Title:

Der Statt Rom in alten Welt. [Rome]

Date:

C1561

Condition:

Minor wear to centrefold as usual, two small stains to outer left margin, otherwise in good condition, with wide margins.

Technique:

Hand coloured woodcut.

Image Size: 

357mm 
x 270mm

Paper Size: 

430mm 
x 357mm
AUTHENTICITY
Der Statt Rom in alten Welt. [Rome] - Antique Map from 1561

Genuine antique
dated:

1561

Description:

Early detailed C.16th woodcut of Rome from Sebastian Munster’s Cosmography. The woodcut depicts the city as it was in 1549 with north at the bottom and the key lists twenty three prominent landmarks excluding the Colosseum. Munster explains the reason for this omission was that ‘there was not enough space‘ to include it in the view. St. Peter’s Basilica is still the Constantinian one.

From Munster’s Cosmography. (Latin text on verso).  

References:
Maier, J. Rome Measured and Imagined: Early Modern Maps of the Eternal City. Chicago 2015: p.46, ill. fig 10..

Sebastian Munster (1488 - 1552)

Sebastian Munster (1488-1552) was an important German cartographer, cosmographer and Hebrew scholar who is best known for his 1540 Latin translation and publication of Ptolemy's Geography titled, Cosmographia. Prior to the introduction of printing for books, of works such as Ptolemy's groundbreaking Geography, they could only be copied individually by scribes, consequently this slow process inhibited the dissemination of geographic knowledge to a wide audience. As information became available especially of the new world, Munster found that Ptolemy's theories were contradicted by these new discoveries that were related to him by ships captains and explorers. One such theory was a land locked Indian Ocean which Ptolemy had shown in his Geography and which was being disproved by the trading ships returning from China and the Spice Islands with their precious cargos. As a result Munster began to add new maps to his own Cosmographia that reflected these new discoveries and made available to a wider audience this changing knowledge of the world.

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Claudius Ptolemy (100 - 170)

Ptolemy was a mathematician, astronomer, philosopher, geographer, astrologer and author of the Geography, also known by its Latin names as the Geographia and the Cosmographia, a gazetteer, an atlas, and a treatise on cartography, which comprised the geographical knowledge of the 2nd-century Roman Empire written c. AD 150. It was a revision of a lost atlas by Marinus the Greek, a geographer, cartographer and mathematician from the Roman province of Tyre using additional Roman and Persian gazetteers and new principles. Its translation into Arabic in the 9th century and Latin in 1406 was highly influential on the geographical knowledge and cartographic knowledge of the medieval Caliphate and Renaissance Europe. No Greek manuscript of the Geography survives from earlier than the late 13th century (c.1295), the earliest is in the Vatican library. A letter written by the Byzantine monk Maximus Planudes records that he searched for one in the Chora Monastery in the summer of 1295 and the earliest surviving manuscript may have been one of those he then assembled. The three earliest surviving manuscript versions with maps are those from Constantinople (Istanbul) based on Planudes's work. The first Latin translation from these was made in 1406 or 1407 by Jacobus Angelus in Florence, Italy, under the name Geographia Claudii Ptolemaei and first printed in Venice 1475 by Hermanus Levilapis (Herman Lichtensein of Cologne) without maps. This was followed in 1478 by a Roman edition with twenty seven maps printed by Arnoldus Buckinck. In 1482 the famous Ulm edition was translated by Leonardus Hol with 32 woodcut maps, 5 of which were new modern maps. In 1513 one of the most important editions was issued by Martin Waldseemuller with 47 woodcut maps of which 20 were new modern maps including one devoted to the new world. In 1540 a new and important edition, titled Cosmographia was revised and edited by Sebastian Munster and printed by Henricus Petri at Basle. Munster redesigned the maps and added a geographical appendix. The Geography continued to be issued by various publishers who included new geographical information to the maps.

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