C1877

Die Entdeckungen der Englischen Expedition "Alert" & "Discovery" unter Sir George Nares, 1875/6.

Scarce map showing the explorations of the British Arctic Expedition in search of the North Pole in the Discovery and Alert in 1875 led by George Nares. On this expedition, Nares became the first explorer to take his ships all … Read Full Description

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Details

Full Title:

Die Entdeckungen der Englischen Expedition “Alert” & “Discovery” unter Sir George Nares, 1875/6.

Date:

C1877

Condition:

Narrow top left margin as usual, otherwise in good condition. With folds as issued.

Technique:

Lithograph printed in colour.

Image Size: 

245mm 
x 315mm

Paper Size: 

376mm 
x 344mm
AUTHENTICITY
Die Entdeckungen der Englischen Expedition "Alert" & "Discovery" unter Sir George Nares, 1875/6. - Antique Map from 1877

Genuine antique
dated:

1877

Description:

Scarce map showing the explorations of the British Arctic Expedition in search of the North Pole in the Discovery and Alert in 1875 led by George Nares. On this expedition, Nares became the first explorer to take his ships all the way north through the channel between Greenland and Ellesmere Island, now named Nares Strait to the Lincoln Sea. A sledging party under Albert Hastings Markham set a new record farthest north of 83° 20′ 26″N, but overall the expedition was a near-disaster. The men suffered badly from scurvy and were hampered by inappropriate clothing and equipment. Realising that his men could not survive another winter in the ice, Nares hastily retreated southward with both his ships in the summer of 1876.

From Petermann’s, Geographia Mittheilungen.

Augustus Heinrich Petermann (1822 - 1898)

In 1847, Petermann moved to London and in 1850 founded his own establishment: The Geographical Establishment, Engraving, Lithographic and Printing Office. In 1852 Ernst Georg Ravenstein (1834–1913) was apprenticed to him, then in 1855 he went into the service of the Topographical Department of the British War Office. Petermann's firm published, among other things, maps for the Journal of the Royal Geographical Society and through this he established lifelong relationships with many scientists, politicians and explorers. In 1847, he became a member of the RGS. When he was 28 in 1850 he was elected under-Secretary. In 1868 he was awarded with the prestigious 'Founders medal' of the RGS. Queen Victoria, at the suggestion of Robert Bunsen, appointed him 'physical geographer-royal'. Early in his career, Petermann already wanted to further the cause of geographical exploration as shown by his concern for and interference with James Richardson's expedition. The purpose of this expedition, which was supported by the British government, was to negotiate trade treaties with the rulers of the middle Sudan. Petermann, supported by Carl Ritter and Robert Bunsen, pleaded with the British government to let Heinrich Barth and Adolf Overweg join up with Richardson’s expedition to assure that geographical and scientific aspects which they might encounter were taken care of. When still affiliated with the Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Erdkunde, he published their progress in this journal, and when he started his very influential, Petermanns geographische Mitteilungen. This journal, which still exists today, greatly influenced the development of scientific geography and cartography in Germany in the nineteenth century. Numerous articles have been published by recognized experts in this field, along with a multitude of illustrations, showing maps, prints and photographs. The journal developed into an important publication, setting the standard in the history of the great expeditions and discoveries, and European colonial matters. His long stay in Britain made him familiar with the best in British and German geography, and as he was fluent in both languages and having learnt French helped him to read widely.

View other items by Augustus Heinrich Petermann

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