C1882

[DOUBLE SIZE] Dendrobium Phalaenopsis [Cooktown Orchid]

Rare lithograph of Queensland’s floral emblem, the Cooktown orchid. There are four varieties, each having been previously been considered as a separate species. This is a double sized plate from the original edition of the first monograph on Australian orchids, … Read Full Description

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S/N: FAORC-010705-DP–201115
(C107F)
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Details

Full Title:

[DOUBLE SIZE] Dendrobium Phalaenopsis [Cooktown Orchid]

Date:

C1882

Condition:

In good condition, with centre fold as issued

Technique:

Lithgraph with original hand colouring

Image Size: 

495mm 
x 650mm
AUTHENTICITY
[DOUBLE SIZE] Dendrobium Phalaenopsis  [Cooktown Orchid] - Antique Print from 1882

Genuine antique
dated:

1882

Description:

Rare lithograph of Queensland’s floral emblem, the Cooktown orchid. There are four varieties, each having been previously been considered as a separate species.

This is a double sized plate from the original edition of the first monograph on Australian orchids, by Robert Fitzgerald, making it the largest colonial Australian orchid lithographs made. The series took twenty-four years to complete (1875-1894).

Dendrobium bigibbum was first formally described in 1852 by John Lindley in Paxton’s Flower Garden. There are four varieties of this species which recognised by the World Checklist of Selected Plant Families :
Dendrobium bigibbum var. bigibbum,  the mauve butterfly orchid, that has a white spot in the centre of the labellum
Dendrobium bigibbum var. compactum, (C.T.White) Peter B.Adams a lithophyte with a narrow distribution
Dendrobium bigibbum var. schoederianum (Rchb.f. ex W.Watson) Peter B.Adams that has variably coloured flowers and only grows on Larat Island in the Tanimbar group
Dendrobium bigibbum var. superbum, Rchb.f., the Cooktown orchid, that has the largest flowers in the group but which lacks the white spot in the centre of the labellum and occurs between Cooktown and Mount Molloy

Common name: Cooktown orchid.
Binomial name: Dendrobium bigibbum
First described: John Lindley, 1852
Distribution: QLD

Robert Fitzgerald (1830 - 1902)

Robert Fitzgerald (1830-1902) Fitzgerald was a surveyor and naturalist, and arrived in Sydney from Ireland in 1856 and soon after was appointed to the Department of Lands as a draftsman for the crown. In his own time Fitzgerald pursued his interest in botany and in 1864 travelled to Wallis Lake, north of Newcastle in New South Wales to collect ferns and orchids which he intended to cultivate around his Hunter's Hill home. This interest in orchids was maintained throughout his life and in 1869, 1871 and 1876 he visited Lord Howe Island to collect further botanical samples. It was during this time that he discovered Dracophyllum fitzgeraldii F. Muell, which was later to be named in his honour.  He worked for the Department of Lands and was an enthusiastic field collector, devoting himself especially to the native orchids. The publication of the 'Australian Orchids' was acclaimed throughout the botanical world. J.D. Hooker considered it 'a work which would bring honour to any country and to any botanist', while George Bentham wrote 'thanks to you the Australian Orchidaceae are now better known than those of any country out of Europe'.

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