James Cook ( - )
Rare engraved map from the official British Admiralty sanctioned edition of the accounts of Cook’s second voyage. All other later copies made of this image by other publishers were unauthorised, usually smaller and inferior in quality.
Map of Easter Island which Cook visited 8 October 1773 to 16 March 1774.
Reference; Beddie 1336-IX, p.252
From, Cook, A Voyage Towards the South Pole, and Round the World, performed in His Majesty’s Ships the Resolution and Adventure, In the Years 1772, 1773, 1774, and 1775.
Second Voyage: 1772-1775 Ships: Resolution & Adventure Rank:Commander
Cook was promoted commander and given charge of a second expedition, in the two ships, Resolution and Adventure which was under the command of Captain Tobias Furneaux.
On this second voyage Cook was to circumnavigate the world in high southern latitudes and producing a chart of the Southern Hemisphere which extended the knowledge of Antarctica. He attempted another search for the Great Southern Continent (November 1773), crossing the Antarctic Circle on 20th December 1773. However, the ice and cold soon forced him to turn north again and he made another search in the central Pacific for the Great Southern Continent. On 17 January 1774 he turned south again, crossing the Antarctic Circle for the second time and then again for a third time 26 January 1774.
On his return he was made a member of the Royal Society, receiving a Copley Medal for achievement and was promoted to post-captain of Greenwich Hospital.
James Cook (1728–1779
Cook was the most important navigator of the Age of Enlightenment, a period that saw the mystery of the Southland resolved, the discovery of New Zealand, Hawaii, numerous Pacific Islands and confirmation that a Northwest Passage did not exist.
Cook was born in Yorkshire, England, the son of a Scottish labourer and apprenticeship for three years under John Walker, a Quaker coal-shipper of Whitby. In 1755 Walker offered him a command, but instead Cook joined HMS Eagle and within a month was master’s mate. After two years on the Channel service, he was promoted master of the Pembroke, and in 1758 crossed the Atlantic in her and took part in the siege of Louisburg and the survey of the St Lawrence River that led to the capture of Quebec. Returning to England in 1762 he married Elizabeth Batts (1742-1832?) of Shadwell, whom he was to rarely see in the ensuing years at sea.
Cook then famously commanded three voyages that ended with his death on the island of Hawaii on 14 February 1779.
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