C1814

Entrance of Broken Bay taken July 22, 1802 at 11.h a.m.

Rare coastal profile of the entrance to Broken Bay by William Westall, artist on board Matthew Flinders seminal survey of the Australia on the Investigator. Flinders Thursday, July 22, 1802: At eleven o’clock, the south head of Broken Bay bore W. … Read Full Description

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S/N: FAVTTA-CP-NC-1802–230413
(C002)
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Details

Full Title:

Entrance of Broken Bay taken July 22, 1802 at 11.h a.m.

Date:

C1814

Condition:

In good condition.

Technique:

Hand coloured copper engraving.

Image Size: 

400mm 
x 25mm
AUTHENTICITY
Entrance of Broken Bay taken July 22, 1802 at 11.h a.m. - Antique View from 1814

Genuine antique
dated:

1814

Description:

Rare coastal profile of the entrance to Broken Bay by William Westall, artist on board Matthew Flinders seminal survey of the Australia on the Investigator.

Flinders Thursday, July 22, 1802:

At eleven o’clock, the south head of Broken Bay bore W. by N. three leagues; and Mr. Westall then made a sketch of the entrance, with that of the Hawkesbury River, which falls into it (Atlas, Pl. XVIII, View 2). image The colonists have called this place Broken Bay, but it is not what was so named by captain Cook; for he says it lies in latitude 33° 42’ (Hawkesworth III. 103), whereas the southernmost point of entrance is not further than 33° 34’ south. There is, in captain Cook’s latitude, a very small opening, and the hills behind it answer to his description of “some broken land that seemed to form a bay,” when seen at four leagues, the distance he was off; but in reality, there is nothing more than a shallow lagoon in that place. In consequence of this difference in position, Cape Three-points has been sought three or four leagues to the north of Broken Bay; whereas it is the north head of the entrance into the bay itself which was so named, and it corresponds both in situation and appearance.

From of Flinders hydrographic atlas, 
A voyage to Terra Australis…, sheet XVII, London : G. and W. Nicol, 1814.

Full title of the atlas;A Voyage to Terra Australis, undertaken for the purpose of completing the discovery of that vast country, and prosecuted in the years 1801, 1802, and 1803, in His Majesty’s Ship The Investigator and subsequently in the armed vessel Porpoise and Cumberland schooner. 

From of Flinders hydrographic atlas, A voyage to Terra Australis…, sheet XVII, London : G. and W. Nicol, 1814.

Full title of the atlas;A Voyage to Terra Australis, undertaken for the purpose of completing the discovery of that vast country, and prosecuted in the years 1801, 1802, and 1803, in His Majesty’s Ship The Investigator and subsequently in the armed vessel Porpoise and Cumberland schooner. 

William Westall (1781 - 1850)

Westall was a landscape artist born at Hertford, England. He was taught to draw by his elder half-brother Richard (1765-1836), a water-colour painter, Royal Academician and painting teacher to Princess Victoria. In 1799 he was admitted to the Royal Academy School, where he was studying when at 19 he was appointed landscape artist with Matthew Flinders' Investigator expedition to Australia, at a salary of 300 guineas. During the voyage he made a large number of pencil-and-wash landscapes in places visited by the Investigator and a series of coast profiles in pencil. When the Porpoise ran aground on Wreck Reef his sketches were 'wetted and partly destroyed' and, while Westall travelled in China, the drawings, regarded as part of the official record of the voyage, were taken by Lieutenant Robert Fowler to England. There, at the suggestion of Sir Joseph Banks, they were handed to Richard Westall to be 'restored to a proper state'. After spending some time in China and India Westall returned to London in February 1805 and sought access to the sketches to paint a picture for exhibition at the Royal Academy and showed a View of the Bay of Pines at the academy later in the year. In the summer of 1805 Westall went to Madeira and twelve months later to Jamaica. After returning to England he painted a series of water-colour views of the places he had visited and these were shown in a Brook Street gallery and at the Associated Artists' exhibition in 1808. Later he received commissions from the Admiralty to paint nine pictures to illustrate Flinders' A Voyage to Terra Australis … (1814), and was engaged by several London publishers to paint water-colours to be reproduced as aquatints.  

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