C1774

Entree de la Riviere Endeavour dans la Nle. Galles Merid le. Lat 15d. 26'. Sud. Baye de Botanique dans la Nle. Galles Meridonale Lat 34d. 00' Sud.

French edition of James Cook’s maps of Botany Bay and Endeavour River printed on one sheet as issued. Cook had visited Botany Bay while chart the east coast and from his reports it became the destination for the First Fleet. … Read Full Description

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S/N: COOK1F-AM-NSW–185632
(C026)
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Details

Full Title:

Entree de la Riviere Endeavour dans la Nle. Galles Merid le. Lat 15d. 26′. Sud. Baye de Botanique dans la Nle. Galles Meridonale Lat 34d. 00′ Sud.

Date:

C1774

Condition:

In good condition, with centre fold as issued.

Technique:

Hand coloured copper engraving.

Image Size: 

345mm 
x 150mm

Paper Size: 

372mm 
x 253mm
AUTHENTICITY
Entree de la Riviere Endeavour dans la Nle. Galles Merid le. Lat 15d. 26'. Sud.  Baye de Botanique dans la Nle. Galles Meridonale Lat 34d. 00' Sud. - Antique Map from 1774

Genuine antique
dated:

1774

Description:

French edition of James Cook’s maps of Botany Bay and Endeavour River printed on one sheet as issued. Cook had visited Botany Bay while chart the east coast and from his reports it became the destination for the First Fleet. Endeavour River was where the Endeavour survived an encounter with a coral reef as a result of Cook’s superb seamanship. He was able to manoeuvre the ship ashore for repairs. On 30 July 1768, the Lords of the Admiralty signed Cook’ secret instructions for the voyage of the Endeavour. The instructions were in two parts, the second of which was sealed, only to be opened by Cook himself. The first task was to sail to Tahiti from where Cook and his crew were instructed to observe the Transit of Venus. The document included the request that ‘ this service is perform’ you are to put to Sea without Loss of Time, and carry into execution the Additional Instructions contained in the enclosed Sealed Packet’. The sealed instructions contained the Admiralty’ true reasons for supporting the voyage. In addition to observing the Transit of Venus, Cook was commanded to find the South Land, a ‘ of great extent’ that was thought to exist in the southern latitudes. The orders continued, ‘ are to proceed … southward in order to make discovery of the Continent above-mentioned until you arrive in the latitude of 40, unless you sooner fall in with it’. Undertaken at the height of the Age of Enlightenment, Cook’ voyage heralded a new era of scientific exploration in which the two dominant maritime and scientific powers, France and Britain, would confront each other in a great rivalry for power and discovery.

References: Clancy p.96, ill.6.32, Clancy p.121, ill.pp.122-3 (German edition), Perry pl.32, pl.33&34, Prescott 1773.01, Tooley 321.

James Cook (1728 - 1779)

Cook was the most important navigator of the Age of Enlightenment, a period that saw the mystery of the Southland resolved, the discovery of New Zealand, Hawaii, numerous Pacific Islands and confirmation that a Northwest Passage did not exist. Cook was born in Yorkshire, England, the son of a Scottish labourer and apprenticeship for three years under John Walker, a Quaker coal-shipper of Whitby. In 1755 Walker offered him a command, but instead Cook joined HMS Eagle and within a month was master's mate. After two years on the Channel service, he was promoted master of the Pembroke, and in 1758 crossed the Atlantic in her and took part in the siege of Louisburg and the survey of the St Lawrence River that led to the capture of Quebec. Returning to England in 1762 he married Elizabeth Batts (1742-1832?) of Shadwell, whom he was to rarely see in the ensuing years at sea. Cook then famously commanded three voyages that ended with his death on the island of Hawaii on 14 February 1779.

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