C1888

Geological map of Australia.

Mapmaker:

Charles Smith Wilkinson (1843 - 1891)

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S/N: PAA-MAP-AM-GEN-3749–193188
(R001)

Full Title:

Geological map of Australia.

Date:

C1888

Mapmaker:

Charles Smith Wilkinson (1843 - 1891)

Condition:

In good condition, with centre fold as issued.

Technique:

Colour printed engraving.

Image Size: 

610mm 
x 380mm

Description:

Detailed geological map of Australia with colour index lower left. One the best
colonial period geological maps of Australia 

Mapmaker:

Charles Smith Wilkinson (1843-1891),

Wilkinson was a geologist born at Northamptonshire, England. His family migrated to Melbourne, arriving in the Marlborough in November 1852. Charles attended Rev. T. P. Fenner’s Collegiate School, Prahran, and in December 1859 began work with the Victorian Geological Survey under Alfred Selwyn, becoming in 1861 field assistant to Richard Daintree. In 1863 he accompanied Reginald Murray to the Otway Ranges and became field geologist in 1866.

Wilkinson moved to Wagga Wagga, New South Wales, to take up pastoral pursuits, but occasionally did some private surveying. In October 1870 in evidence before the gold fields royal commission he warned against dividing the interests and claims of geology and mining, and argued for a department of mines. After passing his surveyor’s licence on 16 August 1871 he worked in the Surveyor-General’s Department, then as a geological surveyor from 16 July 1874 in the Department of Lands until he became geological surveyor in charge in the Department of Mines in 1875.

In 1874 Wilkinson began the systematic geological survey of New South Wales. In 1876 he reported on the specimens collected by (Sir) William Macleay’s expedition to New Guinea, and later announced the discovery of Miocene fossils and described the gold specimens found by Andrew Goldie and William George Lawes in New Guinea. From October 1882 to March 1883 he acted as chief mining surveyor. He persuaded the government to support the search for subterranean water in the western districts, giving detailed hydrological evidence in August 1884 before the royal commission on the conservation of water.

He travelled widely throughout New South Wales as a member of the Prospecting Board from 1888, gaining an intimate knowledge of its mineralogical and palaeontological wealth. In 1882 Wilkinson was joined by (Sir) Tannatt William Edgeworth David, to whom he delegated much responsibility. He brought together the extensive collection for the Mining and Geological Museum, Sydney, and served on every major New South Wales exhibition commission from 1875; in 1890 he visited London as the colony’s representative at the International Exhibition of Mining and Metallurgy.

Despite long absences from Sydney Wilkinson was active in the colony’s corporate scientific life: a member of the local Royal Society from 1874, he was its president in 1887-88; a member of the Linnean Society of New South Wales from 1880 and president in 1883-84, he contributed five papers on anthropology, geology and the general progress of colonial science. He was elected a fellow of the Geological Society, London, in 1876, the Linnean Society of London in 1881 and the Victoria Institute, London, in 1885 and was a member of the New South Wales branch of the Geographical Society of Australasia. He made over ninety contributions to science in lectures, articles, maps and official reports. A member of the Engineering Association of New South Wales, Wilkinson also served on the Board of Technical Education and as a trustee of the Australian Museum.

 

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