C1638

India quae Orientalis dicitur, et Insulae Adiacentes.

Important early map of the East Indies published by Hendricus Hondius and dedicated to D.Christophorus Thisius. An early Latin text edition from Hondius’s, Atlas Novi. Hondius based this map on Blaeu’s 1635 map which had in turn been based on … Read Full Description

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Details

Full Title:

India quae Orientalis dicitur, et Insulae Adiacentes.

Date:

C1638

Condition:

In good condition, with centre fold as issued.

Technique:

Copper engraving hand coloured

Image Size: 

485mm 
x 390mm
AUTHENTICITY
India quae Orientalis dicitur, et Insulae Adiacentes. - Antique Map from 1638

Genuine antique
dated:

1638

Description:

Important early map of the East Indies published by Hendricus Hondius and dedicated to D.Christophorus Thisius. An early Latin text edition from Hondius’s, Atlas Novi.

Hondius based this map on Blaeu’s 1635 map which had in turn been based on a chart produced between 1628 and 1632 by Hessel Gerritsz, the then official cartographer of the VOC. Blaeu had obtained the copper plate to Gerritsz’s map with the help of his friend Laurens Reael, and added the map to his two-volume Atlas Novus in 1634. Hondius has removed a number of Blaeu’s decorative elements and replaced them with his own more restrained designs: including the title cartouche which has had the two figures removed, the dedication panel has been simplified and the scale of miles is now devoid of cherubs. This is only the second printed map to record the Dutch discoveries made by Dirk Hartog of western Australia in October 1616, Jan Carstensz on the western side of Cape York Peninsula in January 1623 and de Wit’s on the northwest coast of Australia in 1628. De Wit’s discoveries had first been shown on Gerritsz’s map of 1628 under the name ‘G.F. de Wits Landt’. Also noted are the Trial Islands near present-day Dampier, named after the ship the Trial, which had sailed for Java using the new sea route to the Indies pioneered by Brouwer in 1611 (see below).

TRIAL ISLANDS HISTORY / present Barrow Island, off the Pilbarra coast, Western Australia.

On many early Dutch charts the Trial Islands are clearly marked, as their supposed discovery by Captain Brookes in 1622, placed them directly in the path of VOC ships sailing to Batavia. Their position caused great concern to Hessel Gerritsz who had been appointed the first cartographer of the VOC in 1617 and quickly added the island on Dutch charts. The island was named after Brookes ship the Trial, which had sailed for Java using the new sea route to the Indies pioneered by Brouwer in 1611 and had struck unknown rocks on the night of 25th May 1622, and wrecked with only forty-six survivors including Captain Brookes. In his subsequent report to the VOC authorities in Batavia, Brookes stated that the rocks were well west of their true position in an attempt to avoid blame for his error. Soon after, a Dutch ship, the Wapen van Hoorn, ran aground in a storm at the land of d’Eendracht but managed to sail after the storm abated. Concerned for the viability of their trade route, the VOC prioritised the accuracy of their charting of the region, with captains and pilots required to record all shallows and reefs in the area. Due to their incorrect placement on the Gerritsz chart, the Trial Rocks remained a mystery for a further two hundred years until Phillip Parker King, sailing in the Mermaid, investigated their position in 1820 and finally confirmed, ‘there remains no doubt in my mind but that Barrow Island … are the same Tryal Rocks’.

From Atlas Novi.

References: Koeman, p.144, Me 51A or 51B , Parry pp.105-109, ill.pl.4.21, Perry p.29, ill.pl.11, Quirino p.105, Tooley 722, p.196.

Collections:
National Library Australia: Bib ID 2567890
State Library NSW: MMS ID 991013568469702626 (1641? French edition)

Henricus Hondius II (1597 - 1651)

Henricus was a Dutch cartographer, engraver and publisher, born in Amsterdam, the second son of the famous cartographer Jodocus Hondius I, who had started a map-making business in the city. Henricus obtained the original plates of the Mercator 1569 world map, and published a 1606 version of it. After his father death in 1612 Henricus ran the business with his brother-in-law. In 1621 he opened his own company in his hometown. The first time his name was mentioned in an atlas was in 1623 when he published the fifth edition of the Mercator-Hondius atlas. After 1628 Henricus partnered with the cartographer Jan Janssonius and together they continued the business. He died in Amsterdam.

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