C1782

Mappemonde ou carte generale de l’Univers sur une projection nouvelle d’une sphere ovale pour mieux entendre les distances entre l’Europe et Amerique avec le tour du monde du Lieut

Mapmaker:

Mathias Albrecht Lotter (1741 - 1810)

Large-scale world map on an ovaloid projection first issued in 1778 and here updated to include the tracks and discoveries made by Cook on his third and final voyage. In this edition, Lotter&#8217s map is one of the first to … Read Full Description

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S/N: WM-1782-LOTT–185677
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Full Title:

Mappemonde ou carte generale de l’Univers sur une projection nouvelle d’une sphere ovale pour mieux entendre les distances entre l’Europe et Amerique avec le tour du monde du Lieut

Date:

C1782

Mapmaker:

Mathias Albrecht Lotter (1741 - 1810)

Condition:

In good condition, folds as issued.

Technique:

Image Size: 

960mm 
x 485mm
AUTHENTICITY
Mappemonde   ou   carte   generale   de   l’Univers   sur   une   projection   nouvelle   d’une   sphere   ovale   pour   mieux   entendre   les   distances   entre                      l’Europe et Amerique avec le tour du monde du Lieut - Antique Print from 1782

Genuine antique
dated:

1782

Description:

Large-scale world map on an ovaloid projection first issued in 1778 and here updated to include the tracks and discoveries made by Cook on his third and final voyage. In this edition, Lotter&#8217s map is one of the first to include Cook&#8217s discovery of the Hawaiian Islands in January 1778 and his charting of the American northwest coast which proved conclusively that a navigable passage from the Atlantic to the Pacific did not exist. Following the great success of the published accounts of Cook&#8217s first and second voyage, the Admiralty sought to prevent those on board the HMS Resolution and HMS Discovery from releasing any accounts, sketches or maps of the third voyage. Their attempts proved unsuccessful and the account of the voyage and details of the discoveries were anonymously published in Journal of Captain Cook&#8217s last voyage to the Pacific Ocean on Discovery in 1781. The account was based on the journal of John Rickman, a lieutenant on the voyage, and a French edition was published a year later. It was not until 1784 that the official accounts were published by the Admiralty. The map&#8217s title refers to &#8216Lieut. Cook&#8217 although Cook had been promoted to commander after returning from his first voyage and then made post-Captain. Australia is shown with the discoveries of Cook&#8217s first voyage 1770 and the earlier Dutch discoveries of Hartog 1616, the van Leeuwin 1619, Nuyts 1627, de Wit 1628 and Tasman 1642-44. The Trial Islands near present-day Dampier, named after the English ship the Trial, which were incorrectly charted by Gerritsz after the false reports provided by Captain Brookes, are also noted. On 30 July 1768, the Lords of the Admiralty signed Cook&#8217s secret instructions for the voyage of the Endeavour . The instructions were in two parts, the second of which was sealed, only to be opened by Cook himself. The first task was to sail to Tahiti from where Cook and his crew were instructed to observe the Transit of Venus. The document included the request that &#8216When this service is perform&#8217d you are to put to Sea without loss of time, and carry into execution the Additional Instructions contained in the inclosed Sealed Packet&#8217. The sealed instructions contained the Admiralty&#8217s true reasons for supporting the voyage. In addition to observing the Transit of Venus, Cook was commanded to find the South Land, a &#8216Land of great extent&#8217 that was thought to exist in the southern latitudes. The orders continued &#8216You are to proceed &#8230 southward in order to make discovery of the Continent above-mentioned until you arrive in the latitude of 40�, unless you sooner fall in with it&#8217. References: Moreland p.88.

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