C1589
 (1590)

Maris Pacifici, (quod vulgo Mar del Zur).

Mapmaker:

Abraham Ortelius (1527–1598 - 1598)

The first printed map solely devoted to the Pacific from Ortelius&#8217s Theatrum Orbis Terrarum. This is the first and rarest state, of which only 100 examples were printed. While it is dated 1589, it was not included in the Theatrum … Read Full Description

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S/N: ORTE-PI-012-1590–184176
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Details

Full Title:

Maris Pacifici, (quod vulgo Mar del Zur).

Date:

C1589
 (1590)

Mapmaker:

Abraham Ortelius (1527–1598 - 1598)

Engraver:

Franz Hogenberg 
(1535 – 
1590)

Condition:

In good condition.

Technique:

Image Size: 

500mm 
x 350mm

Frame Size: 

835mm 
x 670mm
AUTHENTICITY
Maris Pacifici, (quod vulgo Mar del Zur). - Antique Print from 1589

Genuine antique
dated:

1590

Description:

The first printed map solely devoted to the Pacific from Ortelius&#8217s Theatrum Orbis Terrarum. This is the first and rarest state, of which only 100 examples were printed. While it is dated 1589, it was not included in the Theatrum until the following year. It was based on Mercator&#8217s world map of 1569 and several portolan charts and rutters from the Portuguese Cosmographer to the King of Spain, Bartolomeo Lasso, which the celebrated Dutch cartographer Petrus Plancius had obtained and later used for his own world map. The Americas were based on a map appearing in the 1589 edition of the Theatrum, which was the first map to separately name North and South America. To the east of South America is a magnificent engraving of Magellan&#8217s ship Victoria, in which he became the first to circumnavigate the world and enter the Pacific in 1520. It is accompanied by a quatrain in Latin which states: &#8216It was I who first circled the globe, my sails flying. You Magellan, I led to your new-found strait. It was I who circled the world by right am I called Victoria. Mine are the sails and the wings, the prize and the glory, the struggle and the sea.&#8217 Magellan&#8217s discovery of the strait between South America and Tierra del Fuego showed that the mythical land of Terra Australis Incognita was not connected to the known world and led Magellan and others to speculate that Tierra del Fuego could be a northern tip of the great southern continent. New Guinea is shown separated from Terra Australis by a strait, differing from Ortelius&#8217s world map from the same atlas, in which he shows it joined with a note querying its status. New Guinea is named &#8216Nova Guinea, quibusdum Terra de Piccinacoli&#8217 (New Guinea, according to some the land of the Piccinacoli), after a quote from Andrea Corsali&#8217s 1516 report to the Doge of Venice, in which he claimed that New Guinea was joined to the South Land. Although Torres had sailed through the treacherous strait in 1606, he hadn&#8217t realised the significance of his two month navigation or his probable sighting of the Australian mainland which he had thought was a large island. It wasn&#8217t until 1769 when Alexander Dalrymple, while translating Spanish letters originally obtained in the Philippines, recognised that Torres had indeed discovered the strait and named it after him. The Philippines, visited by Magellan in 1521, are shown, as are the Solomon Islands, discovered by Mendanas in 1567 but depicted much larger than their actual size. The map is beautifully decorated with strapwork title and dedication cartouches featuring swags, garlands and depictions of sculpture in relief. 1590L4 Addblank (identical in text and typesetting to 1592L, but without page number last line, in small font, left aligned: habitantes mutu� accepisse, non video quis testagari posset. References: Broecke 12.1, Burden 74, ill. p.94, Clancy p.65, ill.5.6, Clancy (R) p.47, ill.pp.48-49, Cortazzi p.86, ill.21, Quirino p.18, ill. pp.18-19, Reinhartz p.47, ill.46-47, Suarez, pp.64-66, ill. front cover, ill. fig. 58, Tooley (A) pp.322-323, Walter p.186, ill.11G

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