C1774

Nelle Irlande.[New Ireland]

French edition map of Nova Hibernia (New Ireland), an island in the Bismarck Archipelago, New Guinea. Lying just north of New Britain, from which it is separated by St. George’s Channel, it was once believed to be part of one … Read Full Description

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S/N: CKF01-01012–219412
(F50)
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Details

Full Title:

Nelle Irlande.[New Ireland]

Date:

C1774

Condition:

One faint spot at lower left, otherwise in good condition, with folds as issued.

Technique:

Copper engraving.

Image Size: 

340mm 
x 220mm

Paper Size: 

365mm 
x 260mm
AUTHENTICITY
Nelle Irlande.[New Ireland] - Antique Map from 1774

Genuine antique
dated:

1774

Description:

French edition map of Nova Hibernia (New Ireland), an island in the Bismarck Archipelago, New Guinea. Lying just north of New Britain, from which it is separated by St. George’s Channel, it was once believed to be part of one landmass combining New Britain and New Guinea. This theory was disproved in 1767 when Philip Carteret found St. George’s Channel and named the island, Nova Hibernia.

The seven other islands, are part of the Bismarck Archipelago.

Top left:
The Island of St.John, bearing N.N.W. 12 leagues.
Cape St.George, from W.by N. 81 W. distant 3 leagues.
Cape Orford, bearing S.W. distant 18 leagues.

Top right: Cape Buller, bearing from S.S.W.1/2 W. to N.W.by N. distant to or 12 leagues.
Lord Sandwichs Island distant 2 leagues.
The Isle of Man, bearing W.S.W.1/2 W. distant 6 leagues.
The Mother and two Daughters, bearing S.W.distant 5 leagues.

From the French edition of Hawkesworth, An Account of the Voyages Undertaken by the Order of His Present Majesty for Making Discoveries in the Southern Hemisphere,..

Philip Carteret (1733 - 1796)

British naval officer and explorer who participated in two of the Royal Navy's circumnavigation expeditions in 1764-66 and 1766-69. Carteret entered the Navy in 1747, serving aboard the Salisbury, and then under Captain John Byron from 1751 to 1755. Between 1757 and 1758 he was in the Guernsey on the Mediterranean Station. As a lieutenant in the Dolphin he accompanied Byron during his voyage of circumnavigation, from June 1764 to May 1766. In 1766 he was made a commander and given the command of the Swallow to circumnavigate the world, as consort to the Dolphin under the command of Samuel Wallis. The two ships were parted shortly after sailing through the Strait of Magellan, Carteret discovering Pitcairn Island and the Carteret Islands, which were subsequently named after him. In 1767, he also discovered a new archipelago inside Saint George's Channel between New Ireland and New Britain Islands (Papua New Guinea) and named it Duke of York Islands, as well as rediscovered the Solomon Islands first sighted by the Mendana in 1568, and the Juan Fernandez Islands first discovered by Juan Fernandez in 1574. He arrived back in England, at Spithead, on 20 March 1769. He was promoted to post captain in 1771.

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