C1643

Nova Totius Terrarum Orbis Geographica ac Hydrographica Tabula

Mapmaker:

Melchior Tavernier (1594 - 1665)

Spectacular, separately issued double hemisphere world map by Melchior Tavernier. The double spheres and the two smaller celestial spheres at centre, are bordered by detailed tables of degrees, both in French and German miles. The four elements Air, Earth, Fire … Read Full Description

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S/N: WM-SH360-TAVE-1643–184287
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Details

Full Title:

Nova Totius Terrarum Orbis Geographica ac Hydrographica Tabula

Date:

C1643

Mapmaker:

Melchior Tavernier (1594 - 1665)

Condition:

In good condition, with centre fold as issued.

Technique:

Copper engraving hand coloured

Image Size: 

525mm 
x 375mm
AUTHENTICITY
Nova Totius Terrarum Orbis Geographica ac Hydrographica Tabula - Antique Print from 1643

Genuine antique
dated:

1643

Description:

Spectacular, separately issued double hemisphere world map by Melchior Tavernier.

The double spheres and the two smaller celestial spheres at centre, are bordered by detailed tables of degrees, both in French and German miles. The four elements Air, Earth, Fire and Water are represented in each corner by an eagle, land animals, a dragon and sea creatures. The top right panel of the map includes the date and Tavernier’s name, which is also found again in the lower right cartouche.

The tip of the large southern landmass, Terra Australis Incognita, is named Beach, which can be traced back to the incorrectly scribed accounts of Marco Polo’s travels, which mistakenly corrupted Polo’s mythical kingdom of Lochac to Boeach, which was then shortened to Beach. Mercator included both Lochac and Beach and in doing so established an error that would persist on maps well into the 17th century.

The north-west coast of America is separated from Asia by Streto di Anian while California is shown as an island.

References:

Pedley p.33-34, Shirley 360, ill. pl.274.

Biography:

Melchior Tavernier (1594-1665)

Tavernnier was an important member of the 17th century Paris map trade. An engraver of Dutch extraction, he published and sold the maps and atlases of Henry Hondius, Jan Jasson and Nicholas Tassin amongst others. He employed Dutch engravers such as Cornelius Danckaerts and claimed to have brought the art of copper engraving into France. His business was so successful that he was able to sell out in 1644 to Pierre Mariette and buy the office of controleur de la Maison de duc d’Orleans. His success and influence on map production drew other map makers to the quai de l’Horloge where he had his premises.

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