C1918

Pan

Artist:

Sydney Long (1871 - 1955)

Pan is the most famous of Sydney Long’s prints and offered here in its most desirable issue, printed in blue.  The work is set in the twilight of a gum-treed Arcadia, where the pagan god of nature plays his reed … Read Full Description

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S/N: PM-AA-LONG-1918–218063
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Details

Full Title:

Pan

Date:

C1918

Artist:

Sydney Long (1871 - 1955)

Condition:

Repaired tear lower margin, otherwise in good condition.

Technique:

Aquatint print in blue ink

Image Size: 

410mm 
x 280mm
AUTHENTICITY
Pan - Antique Print from 1918

Genuine antique
dated:

1918

Description:

Pan is the most famous of Sydney Long’s prints and offered here in its most desirable issue, printed in blue. 

The work is set in the twilight of a gum-treed Arcadia, where the pagan god of nature plays his reed pipe to a gathering of nymphs and satyrs. …….. ‘Pan’ is the finest of Long’s 1890s series of pastoral images. Allusions to Pan’s music are used to visually transpose the landscape into a series of rhythmic art-nouveau arabesques, whose movement is echoed in the crooks and curves of the dancing bodies of the bush pagans. Fusing decorative style with mythological subject matter, Long presented an alternative vision of the Australian landscape, painting it not in terms of its representational qualities, but transforming it into an arena of sensation and emotion. ‘Pan’ is a key example of Symbolist-inspired painting in Australia.

Symbolism was an influential late 19th-century movement characterised by works expressing ideas, mood and dream states over material realities, and its artists often employed art nouveau’s sensuous arabesque forms as a means of expressing these metaphysical domains. Pan’s subject matter similarly reflects the Symbolist resurgence of Arcadian pagan gods as poetic embodiments of bucolic liberty and erotic frisson. Reflecting the influence of international art practices, ‘Pan’ was something of a feat given that Long had not yet ventured out of his home state of New South Wales when he painted it. It may represent the influence of art journals such as ‘Studio’ on Long’s artistic imagination, yet ‘Pan’ also demonstrates his inspired interpretation of international art forms for a culturally specific and modern representation of the Australian landscape during the period when it developed as a potent artistic symbol of the nation’s identity.

1 ‘Studio’, London, vol 13, no 62, May 1898, pp 268, NSW AGNSW

Biography:

Sydney Long (1871-1955)

Sydney Long was a painter and etcher. From about 1890 he studied under A. J. Daplyn and Julian Ashton at the Art Society of New South Wales school where he first exhibited and was awarded second prize in the life class and in painting, and the president’s prize. Next year his first major painting, ‘By Tranquil Waters‘, an Impressionist study of boys bathing at Cook’s River, was purchased by the National Art Gallery of New South Wales. By becoming a full-time painter, Long supplemented his income by teaching private pupils. 
By the early 1900’s Long was trying to save to undertake further study in England. From 1907 he was Ashton’s second-in-command in the new Sydney Art School. He finally managed to leave Australia in 1910, reaching London in October. Although Long claimed to have married in 1911, he did not actually marry Catherine Brennan, a dancer, until 1 December 1924, at Lambeth. In 1911 he enrolled at an art school at Kennington and soon associated himself with the more conservative tendencies in British art. He visited France, Belgium and Holland in 1912, but remained firmly Anglocentric. One of the continuing problems of Long’s London years was his lack of financial security. He had arranged for the Sydney dealer Adolph Albers to sell works on consignment. During World War I transport of these works became irregular as did payment, and he was often impoverished.

Long achieved minor success in England, exhibiting intermittently with the Royal Academy of Arts from 1913 to 1929, but failed to obtain the recognition which he felt he deserved, especially compared with George Lambert. In 1918 Long began to learn etching at the Central School of Arts and Crafts, Holborn. His quality of line and tone had a natural affinity with the medium and he rapidly became an accomplished etcher. In 1920 he was elected an associate of the Royal Society of Painter-Etchers and Engravers and was foundation honorary secretary of the Society of Graphic Art.

In 1921 Long returned to Australia for eighteen months, held successful exhibitions in Sydney and was a founding member of the Australian Painter-Etchers’ Society (later president). In 1925 he returned with his wife to settle at Lane Cove, with a caravan at Narrabeen and a studio in George Street. His pupil Donald Friend remembered him as ‘a very odd man indeed: envious, jealous, professionally and emotionally very timid: no close friends, only cronies. He yearned after the young, but discouraged actual friendliness. He was a debunker and “a knocker”. Very lonely I think’.

From 1912 he had been sending works to the Royal Art Society and on his return continued to favour it and taught at its school. He was a trustee of the Art Gallery in 1933-49 and strongly opposed the foundation of the Australian Academy of Art.

Long remained one of Australia’s leading etchers until the collapse of the etching boom in the mid-1930’s, when he turned again to painting. In 1938 and 1941 he won the Wynne prize for landscape painting. In 1952 Long and his wife left for London where he died on 23 January 1955 and was buried in Streatham cemetery.

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