C1847

Penguin Island. Off Rivoli Bay.

George French Angas’s view of Penguin Island, Beach Port, is from the largest and earliest series of lithographs of the infant colony of South Australia. Angas had travelled with Governor Grey in 1844 to the south-east where previously only overlanders … Read Full Description

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Details

Full Title:

Penguin Island. Off Rivoli Bay.

Date:

C1847

Condition:

Top margin has been expertly re-instated, otherwise in good condition.

Technique:

Lithograph with original hand colouring

Image Size: 

255mm 
x 178mm

Paper Size: 

311mm 
x 220mm
AUTHENTICITY
Penguin Island. Off Rivoli Bay. - Antique View from 1847

Genuine antique
dated:

1847

Description:

George French Angas’s view of Penguin Island, Beach Port, is from the largest and earliest series of lithographs of the infant colony of South Australia.

Angas had travelled with Governor Grey in 1844 to the south-east where previously only overlanders with their herds passed through. Grey and his party travelled along the Coorong and reached Cape Bernouilli (now Cape Jaffa) on 28 April. A number of lakes were discovered and at Rivoli Bay a camp was established while several men were left to make a chart of the Bay. Grey proceeded inland to Mount Schank and Mount Gambier. Governor Grey was pleased with the results of his expedition, with good land discovered between the rivers Murray and Glenelg.

Angas’s description: Penguin Island, so named from the vast quantity of those birds which inhabit it, and breed amongst its rugged and sea-worn shore. The entire island is perforated with thin burrows, and out of the holes we took their eggs, which resembled those of a common fowl, and were good eating. The species of penguin found here is the Aptenodytes minor;  it is about the size of a duck, and has scaly feathers of a bluish colour upon the back, with a white breast. ….The seaward extremity of this rocky island is so perforated and fretted away by the action of the elements, as to present a very curious appearance. The circumference of Penguin Island does not exceed three quarters of a mile’. Both these sketches were completed during April/May 1844.

From George French Angas’s, South Australia Illustrated.

References:
Gill, T. Bibliography of South Australia. Adelaide. (1886) 1976.: P.16.
Ferguson, J. A. Bibliography of Australia Volumes 1-8, Canberra 1976: Volume IV, 4457.
Tregenza, J. George French Angas. Artist, Traveller and Naturalist 1822-1886. Adelaide 1980:.
Wantrup, J. Australian Rare Books. Sydney 1987: P.309-316.
Carroll, A. Graven Images in the Promised Land / A History of Printmaking in South Australia 1836-1981. Adelaide 1981: P.5-6.
:.


Collections:
National Gallery Australia: NGA 66.7.7.2
State Library South Australia: B 15276/38
National Library Australia: Bib ID 1842641

George French Angas (1822 - 1886)

Angas was a painter, lithographer, engraver and naturalist, fourth child and eldest son of George Fife Angas, a merchant and banker. As the eldest son he was expected to join his father's firm, but some months in a London counting house proved a disillusioning experience. In 1841 he took art lessons for four months from Benjamin Waterhouse Hawkins, a natural history painter and lithographer, and armed with this instruction set out to see the world. He began in the Mediterranean publishing, A Ramble in Malta and Sicily in the Autumn of 1841.......Illustrated with Sketches Taken on the Spot, and Drawn on the Stone by the Author, the following year. Angas's father had established the South Australian Company in 1836 and had large areas of land as well as banking interests in the province. George French sailed for South Australia in 1843 in the Augustus, arriving in Adelaide on 1st January 1844. Within days he had joined an exploring party selecting runs for the South Australia Company. They traveled through the Mount Lofty Ranges to the Murray River and down to Lake Coorong and Angas sketched views of the countryside, native animals and the customs and dwellings of the Narrinyerri people. Later he drew scenes on his father's land - 28,000 acres in the Barossa Valley - and accompanied George Grey's expedition to the then unknown south-east as unofficial artist. In July 1844 Angas visited New Zealand. Guided by two Maoris, he traveled on foot and by canoe through both islands, painting portraits of Maoris and views. Angas's father died in 1879, leaving a vast estate from which George French received only a annuity of 1000 pounds. In 1884 he went to Dominica on a collecting expedition, finding shells, moths, butterflies and birds. Dogged by rheumatism and neuralgia during his last years, Angas died in London on 4 October 1886.

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James William Giles (1801 - 1870)

Giles was a painter and lithographer born in Glasgow , the son of a designer at the local calico. The family moved to Aberdeen around 1805 where his father worked in a printing factory at Aberdeen and was an artist of some repute. His father's early death threw his son at an early age upon his own resources and at 13 he maintained himself, his mother and sister by painting, and before he was 20 was teaching private classes in Aberdeen. At 21 he married a widow Clementina Farquharson. He then became a member of the Royal Scottish Academy and elected to the council of the Spalding Club. He first exhibited at the "Royal Institution for the Encouragement of the Fine Arts in Scotland", and in 1829 became an academician of the Royal Scottish Academy, and contributed numerous works to its exhibitions from that time until near the close of his career. He also exhibited frequently at the British Institution in London, and occasionally at the Royal Academy and the Society of British Artists.

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