C1857

Plan of Garden Island (The Naval Depot) of Port Jackson.

Rare colonial map of Garden Island, Sydney. Very rare colonial map of Garden Island from the surveys  made by Captain Henry Mangles Denham of HMS Herald dated 1857. The significance of this map is that it records of the use of … Read Full Description

$A 1,250

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S/N: NSW-1858-DENH–189145
(C026)
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Details

Full Title:

Plan of Garden Island (The Naval Depot) of Port Jackson.

Date:

C1857

Engraver:

 

Condition:

In good condition, with folds as issued.

Technique:

Hand coloured lithograph.

Image Size: 

230mm 
x 415mm

Paper Size: 

333mm 
x 490mm
AUTHENTICITY
Plan of Garden Island (The Naval Depot) of Port Jackson. - Antique Map from 1857

Genuine antique
dated:

1857

Description:

Rare colonial map of Garden Island, Sydney.
Very rare colonial map of Garden Island from the surveys  made by Captain Henry Mangles Denham of HMS Herald dated 1857.
The significance of this map is that it records of the use of Garden Island for naval defence of Sydney Harbour instead of the Navy’s initial choice of Fort Macquarie;
That the possession of Fort Macquarie would be very advantageous to Her Majesty’s Naval Service in this quarter of the globe, for purposes of refitting, &c”. (F. Baddeley R.E. Lt. Colonel Sydney 11 May 1850)
This map was made from the survey by HMS Herald and an earlier manuscript map of Garden Island, dated August 1851, made by a survey party living in tents adjacent to a cove on the western side of the island. The height of the northern hill is shown at 79 feet (24.1 m) and the central hill at 21 feet (6.4 m). An observation spot is marked by a stone cairn with its position recorded as latitude 33 degrees 51 minutes and 45 seconds South and longitude 10 hours 10 minutes and 5 seconds East (152 degrees 31 minutes and 15 seconds East) also noting a Deviation of 62 degrees 41 minutes South and Variation of 10 degrees 10 minutes East. A subsequent observation spot taken from this 1857 survey by HMS Herald and is now referred to as the Established Observation Spot is near the centre of the original garden area with a flagstaff slightly to the north of it.  The tomb which is marked was a favourite spot of Judge Advocate Ellis Bent who died in 1815. He was initially interred in the old burial grounds which later became the site of Central Railway Station. In 1823 his remains were removed to Garden Island and covered by an elaborate monument. In 1825 his great friend Major John Ovens was buried in the same tomb. With excavations taking place for an expanded naval base, in 1866 the remains of both men and their monument were relocated to St Thomas’ Rest Park in North Sydney.

HMS Herald had a long and eventful career. In 1840 as a 28-gun corvette she carried Commissioner (later Lieutenant-Governor) William Hobson in gaining acceptance of Maori chiefs to the nationally important Treaty of Waitangi. Later, when converted to survey duties, she conducted surveys of the Australian coast and Fiji islands. In December 1857 HMS Herald was the first ship to enter the Fitzroy Dock at Cockatoo Island.

Henry Mangles Denham (1800 - 1887)

Denham carried out major survey work around Australia and in the SW Pacific in the period 1852 to 1861 and reached rank of Admiral in the Royal Navy; Entered the navy at the age of 12; became dedicated to hydrographic work. Opened the port of Liverpool. Knighted and became F.R.S. in 1839. In 1854 (July 2): Capt Denham in HMS Herald came to complete a (chart) survey of the island of Raoul Sunday in NZ. The town of Denham in Australia is named after him.

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