C1789

Plan of Port Jackson New South Wales 1788 by Capt. John Hunter.

The first printed chart of Port Jackson from the first survey of Port Jackson by Captain John Hunter. Shows the port from the Heads to Homebush Bay with soundings of the entire harbour. The map also shows a recommended route … Read Full Description

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S/N: VTBB-MAP-142–298222
(C026)
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Details

Full Title:

Plan of Port Jackson New South Wales 1788 by Capt. John Hunter.

Date:

C1789

Condition:

In good condition, with folds as issued

Technique:

Hand coloured copper engraving.

Image Size: 

415mm 
x 265mm

Paper Size: 

475mm 
x 295mm
AUTHENTICITY
Plan of Port Jackson New South Wales 1788 by Capt. John Hunter. - Antique Map from 1789

Genuine antique
dated:

1789

Description:

The first printed chart of Port Jackson from the first survey of Port Jackson by Captain John Hunter. Shows the port from the Heads to Homebush Bay with soundings of the entire harbour. The map also shows a recommended route into the harbour avoiding the shoals (now called the Sow & Pigs) at the entrance to the southern arm of the harbour. There are notes on the occurrence of fresh water and some names given to to features. The Supply, the first ship of the fleet, arrived at Botany Bay on 18 January 1788 and was joined the next morning by the Alexander, Friendship and Scarborough. The remaining seven ships arrived on 20 January. Although Botany Bay was the initial site chosen by the Admiralty, it was soon clear to Governor Arthur Phillip that it was not suitable for the intended settlement, as there was little fresh water, and the shallow bay did not provide sufficient shelter from prevailing winds. Phillip ventured north to investigate Port Jackson and finding it to be an excellent natural harbour , decided that it would be the site of the new colony.

References:
Tooley, R.V. The Mapping of Australia. London 1979: 743.
Ferguson, J. A. Bibliography of Australia Volumes 1-8, Canberra 1976: 47.
Perry, T. & Prescott, D. A guide to maps of Australia in books published 1780-1830. Canberra 1996: 1789.08.


Collections:
National Library Australia: Bib ID 2107997
National Maritime Museum Greenwich: Object ID G262:4/2

John Hunter (1737 - 1821)

Hunter was an admiral and the second governor of New South Wales. In May 1754 he became captain's servant to Thomas Knackston in H.M.S. Grampus. In 1755 he was enrolled as an able seaman in the Centaur, after fifteen months became a midshipman, transferred to the Union and then to the Neptune, successive flagships of Vice-Admiral Charles Knowles, and in 1757 took part in the unsuccessful assault on Rochefort. In 1759, still in the Neptune, in which John Jervis, later Earl St Vincent, was serving as a lieutenant, he was present at the reduction of Quebec. In February 1760 Hunter passed examinations in navigation and astronomy and qualified for promotion as a lieutenant, but he remained without a commission until 1780. Hunter obtained his first commission in 1780 as lieutenant in the Berwick through Admiral Rodney. When the arrangements which resulted in the sending of the First Fleet to Australia were being made in 1786, H.M.S. Sirius was detailed to convoy it. Hunter was appointed second captain of the vessel under Governor Arthur Phillip with the naval rank of captain. He was also granted a dormant commission as successor to Phillip in the case of his death or absence. In Phillip's instructions, 25 April 1787, it was hoped that when the settlement was in order it might be possible to send the Sirius back to England under Hunter's command. On the outward journey, soon after leaving the Cape of Good Hope, Phillip transferred to the tender Supply, hoping to make an advance survey of their destination at Botany Bay; he placed Hunter in the Sirius in command of the main convoy, though in the result the entire fleet of eleven ships made Botany Bay within the three days 18 to 20 January 1788. When Phillip felt doubtful about Botany Bay as the site of the first settlement, he took Hunter with him on the survey which decided that the landing should be on the shores of Port Jackson. Hunter was chiefly employed on surveying and other seaman's business, as well as sitting both in the Court of Criminal Judicature, which met for the first time on 11 February, and as a justice of the peace, the oaths of which office he took on 12 February.

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