C1777

Sketch of the Marquesas de Mendoca.

Rare c.18th engraved map of the Marquesas (Christina Island), from the official British Admiralty sanctioned edition of the accounts of Cook’s second voyage. Chart of the Marquesas with inset plan of ‘Resolution Bay or Port Madre de Dion (now Vaitahu … Read Full Description

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S/N: CK02E-1305-PI-MAR–228000
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Details

Full Title:

Sketch of the Marquesas de Mendoca.

Date:

C1777

Condition:

In good condition

Technique:

Copper engraving.

Image Size: 

155mm 
x 180mm
AUTHENTICITY
Sketch of the Marquesas de Mendoca. - Antique Map from 1777

Genuine antique
dated:

1777

Description:

Rare c.18th engraved map of the Marquesas (Christina Island), from the official British Admiralty sanctioned edition of the accounts of Cook’s second voyage.

Chart of the Marquesas with inset plan of ‘Resolution Bay or Port Madre de Dion (now Vaitahu Bay).’ Cook visited the island group, 8 to 12 April 1774.

Cook visited the Marquesas 8 – 12 April 1774 and noted; ‘Their canoes are made of wood and pieces of the Bark of a soft wood, which grows near the Sea in great plenty, and is very tough and proper for the purpose; They are from 16 to 20 feet long and about 15 inches broad. The head and stern is made of two pieces of Wood, the Stern rises or curves a little, but in an irregular direction and ends in a point; the head projects out horizontally and is carved into some faint and very rude resemblance of a human face. They are rowed by Paddles and some have a sort of Latteen sail made of Mating’. (Cook, Journals II, 376). Resolution Bay is now called Vaitahu Bay.

The first Europeans to reach the Marquesas may have been the crew members aboard the San Lesmes, a Spanish vessel that disappeared in a storm in June 1526; it was part of an expedition headed by García Jofre de Loaisa. The Spanish explorer Alvaro de Mendana reached them nearly 70 years later, on 21 July 1595.

From Cook’s, A Voyage Towards the South Pole, and Round the World, performed in His Majesty’s Ships the ‘Resolution’ and ‘Adventure’, In the Years 1772, 1773, 1774, and 1775.

References:
Beddie, M. Bibliography of Captain James Cook, RN,FRS, Circumnavigator. Sydney 1970: 1336-V, p.251
Hill, J. The Hill Collection of Pacific Voyages. San Diego 1974 358.
Sabin, J. A Dictionary of Books Relating to America, from its Discovery to the Present Time. New York. (1936) 1967. 16245.

Collections:
National Library Australia: Bib ID 90039
State Library New South Wales: RECORD IDENTIFIER 74VvMokVOlGA / 74VvMoxg6JJX

 

James Cook (1728 - 1779)

Cook was the most important navigator of the Age of Enlightenment, a period that saw the mystery of the Southland resolved, the discovery of New Zealand, Hawaii, numerous Pacific Islands and confirmation that a Northwest Passage did not exist. Cook was born in Yorkshire, England, the son of a Scottish labourer and apprenticeship for three years under John Walker, a Quaker coal-shipper of Whitby. In 1755 Walker offered him a command, but instead Cook joined HMS Eagle and within a month was master's mate. After two years on the Channel service, he was promoted master of the Pembroke, and in 1758 crossed the Atlantic in her and took part in the siege of Louisburg and the survey of the St Lawrence River that led to the capture of Quebec. Returning to England in 1762 he married Elizabeth Batts (1742-1832?) of Shadwell, whom he was to rarely see in the ensuing years at sea. Cook then famously commanded three voyages that ended with his death on the island of Hawaii on 14 February 1779.

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