C1824

The Residence of John McArthur Esq. near Parramatta, New South Wales.

One of the earliest views to depict Elizabeth Farm, Parramatta, named after John Macarthur’s wife. The farmhouse was designed by Macarthur himself, built in 1794 and is probably the oldest surviving building in Australia. In 1793 John Macarthur received his … Read Full Description

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Details

Full Title:

The Residence of John McArthur Esq. near Parramatta, New South Wales.

Date:

C1824

Condition:

In good condition.

Technique:

Aquatint with original hand colouring.

Image Size: 

330mm 
x 232mm

Frame Size: 

635mm 
x 535mm
AUTHENTICITY
The Residence of John McArthur Esq. near Parramatta, New South Wales. - Antique View from 1824

Genuine antique
dated:

1824

Description:

One of the earliest views to depict Elizabeth Farm, Parramatta, named after John Macarthur’s wife. The farmhouse was designed by Macarthur himself, built in 1794 and is probably the oldest surviving building in Australia.
In 1793 John Macarthur received his first grant of land at Rosehill, soon after renamed Parramatta, which was rapidly developing as the colony’s second centre. He named the property Elizabeth Farm for his wife, and it was quickly followed by an adjoining grant, which he named Edward Farm for their eldest son. The family relocated from Sydney in December that year. The cottage they built in 1793 was a large but simple dwelling that resembled countless farmhouses seen in southern England. The balanced, symmetrical design of paired windows placed to either side of a central doorway was typical of the Georgian style then popular in England. The cottage at this time did not show any of the elegance or sophistication that, following a series of alterations and extensions, would later define it as an iconic example of colonial domestic architecture. It was, however, sturdy and well built, and the Macarthurs took pride in it. Amazingly, this original house still stands as the central rooms of the bungalow that visitors see today. Over the next 35 years, the house was enlarged and improved as the family’s wealth and influence increased. With a personal interest in architecture, John Macarthur was determined to build a residence worthy of his family’s position in colonial society and directed the constant alterations himself. The late 1820s in particular saw the greatest activity, as a suite of elegant, interconnected formal rooms was created, windows were replaced by French doors, floors were lowered to provide extra ceiling height, and deep verandahs with delicate lattice work were added.
References:
Wantrup, J. Australian Rare Books. Sydney 1987: 218b.
Abbey, J.R. Travel in Aquatint and Lithography 1770-1860. London 1972: 570.
Tooley, R.V. English books with coloured plates, 1790 to 1860. Folkstone 1973: 310.
Ferguson, J. A. Bibliography of Australia Volumes 1-8, Canberra 1976: 974.


Collections:
Art Gallery South Australia: Accession number 20044P29
National Library Australia: Bib ID 8042745
National Gallery Victoria: Accession Number 2008.251
State Library New South Wales: MRB/F980.1

Joseph Lycett (1777 - 1828)

Painter & forger convicted in 1811 & transported to Botany Bay. On arrival he was given his ticket of leave but soon was reconvicted for forgery and sent to the penal settlement of Newcastle. Again in 1821 he received a pardon and returned to England armed with a portfolio of colonial views. In 1824 John published “Views in Australia” dedicated to the Earl of Bathurst. Lycett is acknowledged as being one the most important colonial artists to record the progress of the colony.

View other items by Joseph Lycett

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