Thomas Elder's Expedition durch Inner-Australien von Beltana im Osten bis Perth im Western,...


Augustus Heinrich Petermann (1822 - 1898)

$A 375

In stock

S/N: PGMI-AM-WA-010–191475

Full Title:

Thomas Elder’s Expedition durch Inner-Australien von Beltana im Osten bis Perth im Western,…




Augustus Heinrich Petermann (1822 - 1898)


In good condition, folds as issued.



Image Size: 

x 650mm


Gile’s fourth and most important expedition left Thomas Elder’s camel breeding station, Beltana, on 6 May 1875. Giles covered four thousand kilometres but was disappointed by the results, stating ‘unfortunately found no new areas of country suitable for settlement’. Giles succeeded in his cherished aim of making an overland crossing from South Australia to Western Australia in 1875. Equipped with camels by Thomas Elder, he set out from Beltana and went for supplies to Port Augusta whence he proceeded first north-west and then west along a string of waterholes, until he reached the Western Australian border. He then risked a 312-mile (502 km) marathon across the Great Victoria Desert before discovering the Queen Victoria Springs from there he was able to complete his journey to Perth in fairly easy stages. On the return trip in 1876 he went north to the Murchison and Ashburton Rivers, crossed Gibson’s Desert and reached the Rawlinson Ranges where he had been held up in 1874. He thus achieved a double crossing of the western half of the Australian continent. Although Giles found little good country, his expeditions added substantially to the knowledge of central Australia.


Augustus Heinrich Petermann (1822 – 1898)

In 1847 Petermann moved to London and in 1850 founded his own establishment: The Geographical Establishment, Engraving, Lithographic and Printing Office.
In 1852 Ernst Georg Ravenstein (1834–1913) was apprenticed to him,
before he went in 1855 into the service of the Topographical Department
of the British War Office.

Petermann’s firm published, among other things, maps for the Journal of the Royal Geographical Society
and through this he established lifelong relationships with many
scientists, politicians and explorers. In 1847 he became a member of the
RGS. When he was 28 in 1850 he was elected under-Secretary. In 1868 he
was awarded with the prestigious ‘Founders medal’ of the RGS. Queen
Victoria, at the suggestion of Robert Bunsen, appointed him ‘physical
geographer-royal’. Early in his career Petermann wanted to further the
cause of geographical exploration as shown by his concern for and
interference with James Richardson’s expedition. The purpose of this
expedition, which was supported by the British government, was to
negotiate trade treaties with the rulers of the middle Sudan. Petermann,
supported by Carl Ritter and Robert Bunsen, pleaded with the British
government to let Heinrich Barth and Adolf Overweg join up with
Richardson’s expedition to assure that geographical and scientific
aspects which they might encounter were taken care of. When still
affiliated with the Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Erdkunde, he published their progress in this journal, and this was when he started his very influential, Petermanns geographische Mitteilungen.

This journal, which still exists today, greatly influenced the
development of scientific geography and cartography in Germany in the
nineteenth century. Numerous articles have been published by recognised
experts in this field, along with a multitude of illustrations, showing
maps, prints and photographs. The journal developed into an important
publication, setting the standard in the history of the great
expeditions and discoveries, and European colonial matters.

His long stay in Britain made him familiar with the best in British and
German geography, being fluent in both languages and having learnt
French, helped him to read widely.

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