C1863

Lake Eyre und Sein Sudwestliches Flussgebeit in Sud-Australien.

Mapmaker:

Augustus Heinrich Petermann (1822 - 1898)

Rare map showing the route of John McDouall Stuart, 1859 & 1860 to the west of Lake Eyre. Stuart’s April-July 1859 route shown in red, his November-January 1860 route shown in green. Place names in English, notes on topography in … Read Full Description

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S/N: PGMI-AM-SA-6311–190359
(C093)
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Details

Full Title:

Lake Eyre und Sein Sudwestliches Flussgebeit in Sud-Australien.

Date:

C1863

Mapmaker:

Augustus Heinrich Petermann (1822 - 1898)

Condition:

Faints at lower margin, otherwise in good condition.

Technique:

Copper engraving with original hand colouring

Image Size: 

210mm 
x 260mm

Paper Size: 

220mm 
x 275mm
AUTHENTICITY
Lake Eyre und Sein Sudwestliches Flussgebeit in Sud-Australien. - Antique Map from 1863

Genuine antique
dated:

1863

Description:

Rare map showing the route of John McDouall Stuart, 1859 & 1860 to the west of Lake Eyre.

Stuart’s April-July 1859 route shown in red, his November-January 1860 route shown in green. Place names in English, notes on topography in German.

Stuart led his first expedition in 1858, departing from the Chambers’ station at Oratunga on 14 May 1858. He was accompanied by just two men, one of whom was an Aboriginal, and with five horses and six weeks provisions. They rounded the southern end of Lake Torrens travelling up its western side and at its northern tip turned north-west. Stuart discovered a large tree lined creek which he named Chambers Creek. Stuart would use this as an advance depot for all of his expeditions. He continued in a north-westerly direction and travelled as far as today’s Coober Pedy. The country was terrible – reminding Stuart of Sturt’s Stony Desert, and extremely difficult for the horses. He turned back, heading south to Denial Bay which was reached on 17 August, and then along the coast to Gibson’s Station at Streaky Bay. After resting here for sometime Stuart returned to Mount Arden. Stuart set out on his second expedition 2 April 1859. On this expedition a number of mound springs were discovered. These would provide permanent water sources for further explorations and pastoralists. Stuart travelled as far north as 27 latitude, discovering the Neales River flowing into Lake Eyre North and he considered the country as good as that adjacent to Chambers Creek. Some days later he saw some distance to the north-east a ‘large dark-coloured hill’ which he named after Dr JH Browne, from Sturt’s expedition of 1844. At this point he decided to return and reached Glen’s Station on 3 July. William Kekwick joined Stuart for the first time on the third expedition, and would remain with him for all of the remaining journeys. Again financed by the Chambers Brothers, Stuart was this time better equipped for surveying and this enabled the creation of more accurate maps. They were provisioned for three months and had 12 horses. They again travelled to Chambers Creek, discovering more springs. The expedition continued north, surveying as it went. At length in late December Stuart decided to return as provisions were running low. The expedition had reached further north into South Australia than anyone had previously. Stuart remained at Chambers Creek while Kekwick returned to Chambers’ Station at Moolooloo with the reports of the land surveyed and to seek more men. Stuart was already planning the fourth journey.

From Petermanns Geographische Mittheilungen.

Collections:
National Library of Australia:  Libraries Australia ID 40662897
State LIbrary of NSW: Call Numbers Z/M1 835.21/1863/1

References:
Tooley: Not in Tooley

Mapmaker:

Augustus Heinrich Petermann (1822 – 1898)

In 1847, Petermann moved to London and in 1850 founded his own establishment: TheGeographical Establishment, Engraving, Lithographic and Printing Office. In 1852 Ernst Georg Ravenstein (1834–1913) was apprenticed to him, before he went in 1855 into the service of the Topographical Department of the British War Office.

Petermann’s firm published, among other things, maps for the Journal of the Royal Geographical Society and thorugh this he established lifelong relationships with many scientists, politicians and explorers. In 1847, he became a member of the RGS. When he was 28 in 1850 he was elected under-Secretary. In 1868 he was awarded with the prestigious ‘Founders medal’ of the RGS. Queen Victoria, at the suggestion of Robert Bunsen, appointed him ‘physical geographer-royal’. Early in his career, Petermann already wanted to further the cause of geographical exploration as shown by his concern for and interference with James Richardson’s expedition. The purpose of this expedition, which was supported by the British government, was to negotiate trade treaties with the rulers of the middle Sudan. Petermann, supported by Carl Ritter and Robert Bunsen, pleaded with the British government to let Heinrich Barth and Adolf Overweg join up with Richardson’s expedition to assure that geographical and scientific aspects which they might encounter were taken care of. When still affiliated with the Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Erdkunde, he published their progress in this journal, and when he started his very influential, Petermanns geographische Mitteilungen. 

This journal, which still exists today, greatly influenced the development of scientific geography and cartography in Germany in the nineteenth century. Numerous articles have been published by recognized experts in this field, along with a multitude of illustrations, showing maps, prints and photographs. The journal developed into an important publication, setting the standard in the history of the great expeditions and discoveries, and European colonial matters.

His long stay in Britain made him familiar with the best in British and German geography, and as he was fluent in both languages and having learnt French helped him to read widely.

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