C1886

Plan of the City of Adelaide

Mapmaker:

Frazer Smith Crawford (1829 - 1890)

Plan of Adelaide showing the site of C1887 exhibition. Colonel Light after having rejected Port Lincoln and Kingscote as possible sites, Light returned to Holdfast Bay and noted in his journal on 29 December 1836: ‘Employed nearly all day examining … Read Full Description

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S/N: TP-1886-CRAW–195204
(R003)
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Details

Full Title:

Plan of the City of Adelaide

Date:

C1886

Mapmaker:

Frazer Smith Crawford (1829 - 1890)

Condition:

Repaired tear at left sheet edge extending into map area, as often found. Otherwise in good condition with folds as issued.

Technique:

Hand coloured lithograph.
AUTHENTICITY
Plan of the City of Adelaide - Antique Map from 1886

Genuine antique
dated:

1886

Description:

Plan of Adelaide showing the site of C1887 exhibition.

Colonel Light after having rejected Port Lincoln and Kingscote as possible sites, Light returned to Holdfast Bay and noted in his journal on 29 December 1836: ‘Employed nearly all day examining the plain, and looking out for the best situation for the capital. I was delighted with the appearance of the country, and the supply of fresh water we were certain of possessing at four p.m., I had the pleasure of seeing the Governor and Mr Fisher, and we agreed on going the following day to look at the place I had selected for the capital.

The next day, Light and Governor Hindmarsh inspected the site and although Hindmarsh liked what he saw he stated that it was too far from the harbour. They agreed to move the location by one and a half miles lower down the bank of the river but after re-examining the area the following day, Light noticed previous evidence of the river having breached its banks. Light wrote that from 3-11 January 1837, ‘I was employed in looking repeatedly over the ground, and devising in my own mind the best method of laying out the town according to the course of the river, and the nature of the ground this being fixed, I commenced with Mr Kingston and Mr Neale only … It may be asked then, “Why choose it?” I answer, “Because it was on a beautiful and gently rising ground, and formed altogether a better connection with the river than any other place”’.

Although Light had been given total autonomy by the Commissioners in selecting the site, he was being undermined by Hindmarsh and his supporters, who saw the distance to the sea as unworkable. In response to correspondence from Hindmarsh, Light called a public meeting to discuss and vote on the matter. The meeting took place in Edward Stephens’s tent at Holdfast Bay, on the 10 February 1837. The subsequent vote found was in favour of Light’s selection and he then proceeded to divide the town into 1000 acre allotments as instructed by the Commissioners. Light resigned from his position in 1838, after being instructed to use faster and less accurate surveying methods for the country surveys.

His health soon deteriorated and he died of tuberculosis at the age of fifty-three on 6 October 1839.

Mapmaker:

Frazer Smith Crawford (1829-1890)

Professional photographer and lithographer born in Scotland. He was in Melbourne by 1859 with his studio at 83 Swanston Street. Crawford was a council member of the Photographic Society of Victoria in 1860, then moved to Sydney later in the year. In January 1861 he advertised that he was about to leave New South Wales and for Adelaide working in the Surveyor General’s office from around 1868.

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