C1883

Casuarina Quadrivalvis (Female Plant)

Superb large c.19th Australian botanical from, The Forest of South Australia by John Ednie Brown (1848-1899). The Forest of South Australia was the largest c.19th series of botanical illustrations made solely devoted to Australian species. Although focused on South Australian species many of these … Read Full Description

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Details

Full Title:

Casuarina Quadrivalvis (Female Plant)

Date:

C1883

Engraver:

H.Barratt 

Condition:

In good condition.

Technique:

Lithograph printed in colour

Image Size: 

300mm 
x 450mm
AUTHENTICITY
Casuarina Quadrivalvis (Female Plant) - Antique Print from 1883

Genuine antique
dated:

1883

Description:

Superb large c.19th Australian botanical from, The Forest of South Australia by John Ednie Brown (1848-1899).

The Forest of South Australia was the largest c.19th series of botanical illustrations made solely devoted to Australian species. Although focused on South Australian species many of these are endemic to other states. The majority of the original watercolours for the series were made by Rosa Fiveash while all the lithography on the stone was done by Harcourt Barrett who also drew all the detailed sketches of; bark, seeds and woods on the plates.

Originally collected in Tasmania and described as Casuarina verticillata by the French naturalist Jean-Baptiste Lamarck in 1786, it was moved to its current genus in 1982 by Australian botanist Lawrie Johnson.

Common name: Drooping she-oak
Modern binomial name:  Allocasuarina verticillata
First described:  1786 Lamarck
Distribution: ACT, NSW, SA, VIC & TAS 

From: Brown, The Forest Flora of South Australia.

 

Harcourt Barret (1838 - 1904)

Barret was born in England in 1838 and arrived in Australia in 1881. He worked in Adelaide as a chromolithographer for the South Australian Government Printer. He produced a number of maps but his largest body of work was as the lithographer for J.E. Brown’s The Forest Flora of South Australia (1882), he was responsible for transferring the original paintings onto stone and crafting the colour printing. “Published in nine parts with five prints per issue, The Forest Flora of South Australia was a popular series which became an essential part of any botany enthusiasts library. Once each painting was complete, the works were expertly prepared for lithography by the South Australian Government lithographer, Harcourt Barrett. Barrett was particularly skilled at his craft. Following his departure from this role due to the introduction of photo-lithography, he went on to work as a scientific illustrator and lithographer for the Royal Society of South Australia. Although Rosa Fiveash initialed a number of the images and Barrett’s name was printed on each plate of The Forest Flora of South Australia, neither of the artists were otherwise credited within the publication. Over time it became apparent that Fiveash was receiving an unfair share of the credit compared to Barrett, which prompted the lithographer to write a letter to The Advertiser, setting the record straight: ‘Of [the] 45 plates Miss Fiveash only supplied 32 drawings in watercolour of the centre or main branch only. Miss Camilla Hammond and Mrs. Smart sketched the native cherry, and it was from these sketches that the drawings upon stone were made. The remaining eleven plates and title page, together with all the additional work, consisting of the various woods, barks, seed-vessels, botanical sections, and various details of the flowers, were drawn direct upon the stones from photos and natural specimens wholly and solely by me during the time I held the position of chief lithographer at the Government Printing office.’ “ Reference ‘Capturing Flora – 300 years of Australian Botanical art’, Art Gallery of Ballarat. & Wrigley, J.W. (2013) Eucalypt Flowers, NLA

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