C1870
 (1880)

Felix Pyat

Artist:

Photographer unknown

$A 245

In stock

S/N: POR-CDV-PYAT-001–221467
(ALB)

Full Title:

Felix Pyat

Date:

C1870
 (1880)

Artist:

Photographer unknown

Condition:

In good condition.

Technique:

Original Carte de visite

Image Size: 

63mm 
x 105mm

Description:

Carte de visite portrait of Felix Pyat (1810-1889) was a French Socialist journalist and politician.

Pyat’s violent personal attacks in a pamphlet entitled Marie-Joseph Chenier et le prince des critiques (1844), in reply to Jules Janin, brought him a six-months sojourn in the Sainte-Pelagie prison, in the cell just vacated by Lamennais. He worked with other dramatists in a long series of plays, with an interval of six years on the National, until the revolution of 1848. He joined Ledru-Rollin in the attempted insurrection of 13 June 1849, after which he sought refuge in Switzerland, Belgium, and finally in England, where he became involved with the irregular masonic organisation, La Grande Loge des Philadelphes. For having glorified regicide after Orsini’s attempt on the life of Napoleon III, he was brought before an English court, but acquitted, and the general amnesty of 1869 permitted his return to France. However, further outbursts against the authorities, followed by prosecution, compelled him to return to England. 

The deposing of Napoleon III on the 4 September 1870 brought him back to Paris, and it was he who in his paper Le Combat displayed a black-edged announcement of the negotiations for the surrender of Metz to the Prussians. After the insurrection of the 31st of October he was imprisoned for a short time. In January 1871, Le Combat was suppressed, only to be followed by an equally virulent Vengeur. Elected to the National Assembly, he retired from Bordeaux, where it sat, with Henri Rochefort and others until such time as the so-called “parricidal” vote for peace should be annulled. He returned to Paris to join the Committee of Public Safety, and, in Hanotaux’s words, was the me ulcre of the Paris Commune, but was blamed for the loss of the fort of Issy. He was superseded on the Committee by Delescluze, but he continued to direct some of the violent acts of the Commune, the overthrow of the Vendeme column, the destruction of Thiers’s residence and of the expiatory chapel built to the memory of Louis XVI. He escaped the vengeance of the Versailles government, crossed the frontier in safety, and, though he had been condemned to death in his absence in 1873, the general amnesty of July 1880 permitted his return to Paris. He was elected to the Chamber of Deputies for the department of Bouches-du-Rhine in March 1888 and took his seat on the extreme Left, but died at Saint-Gratien the following year.  

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