C1883

Hakea Multilineata. Var.-Grammatophylla

Artist:

Rosa Catherine Fiveash (1854 - 1938)

Modern common name Grass-leaved Hakea Modern binomial name  Hakea multilineata First described  Meissner  Distribution WA From Brown The Forest Flora of South Australia.

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S/N: FFOSA-042-BOT-AA–215707
(C107)
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Details

Full Title:

Hakea Multilineata. Var.-Grammatophylla

Date:

C1883

Artist:

Rosa Catherine Fiveash (1854 - 1938)

Engraver:

Harcourt Barret 
(1838 – 
1904)

Condition:

In good condition.

Technique:

Lithograph printed in colour

Image Size: 

340mm 
x 445mm
AUTHENTICITY
Hakea Multilineata. Var.-Grammatophylla - Antique Print from 1883

Genuine antique
dated:

1883

Description:

Modern common name Grass-leaved Hakea

Modern binomial name  Hakea multilineata

First described  Meissner 

Distribution WA

From Brown The Forest Flora of South Australia.

Biography:

Rosa Catherine Fiveash (1854-1938)

Was a botanical artist, was born on 22 July 1854 in Adelaide, youngest child of Robert Archibald Fiveash, businessman and superintendent of the Blinman and Yudanamutana copper-mines, and his wife Margaret, née Rees. She was taught by Miss A. Benham and at the Adelaide School of Art and Design in 1881-88, and then privately and at Tormore House School in North Adelaide for many years.

In 1882 Rosa illustrated 32 of the illustrations from the series The Forest Flora of South Australia. Nine parts of this work, which was never completed, were published in 1882-90. Her skills were increasingly sought as a versatile illustrator of scientific papers. Fiveash also pioneered china-painting in Adelaide, attending to all stages of the process, including the firing.

Apart from two years overseas, Rosa lived all her life in the family home, Gable House, North Adelaide, with her sister. Rosa worked steadily until failing eyesight supervened four years before she died. In 1937 she presented many of her paintings to the Public Library of South Australia. Most of her life’s works, beautifully drawn flower portraits in glowing watercolours are now in the State Library and the South Australian Museum of South Australia.


Harcourt Barret (1838-1904)

Barret was born in England in 1838 and arrived in Australia in 1881. He worked in Adelaide as a chromolithographer for the South Australian Government Printer. As the lithographer for J.E. Brown’s The Forest Flora of South Australia (1882), he was responsible for transferring the original paintings onto stone and crafting the colour printing.

“Published in nine parts with five prints per issue, The Forest Flora of South Australia was a popular series which became an essential part of any botany enthusiasts library. Once each painting was complete, the works were expertly prepared for lithography by the South Australian Government lithographer, Harcourt Barrett. Barrett was particularly skilled at his craft. Following his departure from this role due to the introduction of photo-lithography, he went on to work as a scientific illustrator and lithographer for the Royal Society of South Australia. Although Rosa Fiveash initialled a number of the images and Barrett’s name was printed on each plate of The Forest Flora of South Australia, neither of the artists were otherwise credited within the publication. Over time it became apparent that Fiveash was receiving an unfair share of the credit compared to Barrett, which prompted the lithographer to write a letter to The Advertiser, setting the record straight:

‘Of [the] 45 plates Miss Fiveash only supplied 32 drawings in watercolour of the centre or main branch only. Miss Camilla Hammond and Mrs. Smart sketched the native cherry, and it was from these sketches that the drawings upon stone were made. The remaining eleven plates and title page, together with all the additional work, consisting of the various woods, barks, seed-vessels, botanical sections, and various details of the flowers, were drawn direct upon the stones from photos and natural specimens wholly and solely by me during the time I held the position of chief lithographer at the Government Printing office.’ “

Reference‘Capturing Flora – 300 years of Australian Botanical art’, Art Gallery of Ballarat. & Wrigley, J.W. (2013) Eucalypt Flowers, NLA

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