C1570
 (1581)

Indiae Orientalis Insularumque Adiacientium Typus.

Mapmaker:

Abraham Ortelius (1527 - 1598)

One of the earliest maps to focus on the East Indies, published in Ortelius’s Theatrum Orbis Terrarum, widely regarded as the first modern atlas for having all the maps in a similar size and format.  Ortelius was the first to … Read Full Description

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S/N: ORTE166-ASI-EI-1581F84–231914
(RW05)
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Details

Full Title:

Indiae Orientalis Insularumque Adiacientium Typus.

Date:

C1570
 (1581)

Mapmaker:

Abraham Ortelius (1527 - 1598)

Condition:

Repaired tears to lower sheet edge, otherwise in good condition with centre fold as issued.

Technique:

Copper engraving with original hand colouring

Image Size: 

500mm 
x 355mm
AUTHENTICITY
Indiae Orientalis Insularumque Adiacientium Typus. - Antique Print from 1570

Genuine antique
dated:

1581

Description:

One of the earliest maps to focus on the East Indies, published in Ortelius’s Theatrum Orbis Terrarum, widely regarded as the first modern atlas for having all the maps in a similar size and format. 

Ortelius was the first to separate ancient and recent geographic knowledge in his maps and to indicate the changes from the old nomenclature to the new. Superbly embellished with a pair of frolicking mermaids, galleons, sea monsters, a crest and decorative strapwork title cartouche engraved by Frans Hogenberg (1539-1590).

Ortelius’s map of the Indies improved upon the previous cartography of the Moluccas (Spice Islands) by Ramusio 1554, Gastaldi 1562, and Forlani 1565 using more recent Portuguese and Spanish sources. This map, along with Ortelius’s map of Asia are the first published works to chart the island of Formosa (Taiwan) and to identify it by that name. The Mollucas were visited by the Italian traveller Varthema who reached the island of Momoch (probably Ternate) in 1505, seven years prior to the Portuguese. In the account of his travels Itinerario de Ludouico de Varthema Bolognese, published in Rome in 1510, he wrote ‘Here the cloves grow, and in many other neighbouring islands.’ Ortelius correctly locates the islands of Ternate, Tidore, Machian and Bachan to the west of Gilolo and in doing so, provided for the first time a large-scale map published in sufficient numbers to make a substantial impact on the current knowledge of the East Indies. The land of Beach, the northern tip of Australia, is shown emerging from the lower margin and above it lies the mythical land of Java Major which, according to Marco Polo, was the largest island in the world. Polo’s Java Minor is seen here correctly named as the island of Sumatra.

French text on verso.

Broecke 1581F84  (last line, left aligned: ilz ont nommée,Mar del Zur.), 

References: Clancy p.70 ill.map 5.16, Clancy (R) p.46 ill. p.44-45, Cortazzi p.20, ill.17 pp.80-81, Parry pp.76-80, ill. plate 3.14, Quirino p.96, ill.pp.86-87, Suarez (A), p.164-168 ill.166-167, Tooley 937, Walter ill.11d, detail 11d.

Biography:

Abraham Ortelius (1527-1598)

Flemish cartographer, mapseller and publisher. Ortelius was a leading cartographer who published the first modern atlas in 1570, Theatrum orbis terrarum in which each map was presented on a separate sheet. He initially trained as an engraver in 1547 and as an illuminator of maps. Influenced by Gerard Mercator he published his first map in 1564 and soon after published his famous atlas that changed the way maps were sold and published.

 

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