C1886

[LOCKYER] Major Lockyer

Artist:

William Macleod (1850 - 1929)

Engraved colonial portrait of the Australian explorer Edmund Lockyer Lockyer began his army career as an ensign in the 19th Regiment in June 1803, promoted to lieutenant in early 1805 and made captain in August 1805. Again promoted to major … Read Full Description

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S/N: PAA-POR-AA-4682–217999
(C127)
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Details

Full Title:

[LOCKYER] Major Lockyer

Date:

C1886

Artist:

William Macleod (1850 - 1929)

Condition:

In good condition.

Technique:

Original engraving.

Image Size: 

70mm 
x 80mm
AUTHENTICITY
[LOCKYER] Major Lockyer - Antique Print from 1886

Genuine antique
dated:

1886

Description:

Engraved colonial portrait of the Australian explorer Edmund Lockyer

Lockyer began his army career as an ensign in the 19th Regiment in June 1803, promoted to lieutenant in early 1805 and made captain in August 1805. Again promoted to major in August 1819 and in August 1824 transferred to the 57th Regiment.

He arrived at Sydney aboard the Royal Charlotte in April 1825 with men from the 57th; also with his wife and ten children. In August 1825, Lockyer was asked to lead an expedition to explore the upper reaches of the Brisbane River, which had only recently been settled by Europeans. On 2 September he sailed from Sydney in the cutter Mermaid, arriving at the settlement of Brisbane on 7 September. Leaving the Mermaid at Brisbane, he travelled in a small boat up the river.

Lockyer saw coal in deposits on the banks, becoming the first person to identify coal in Queensland. In late 1826 he then led an expedition to claim Western Australia for Britain, sailing on the brig Amity, arriving at King George Sound on 25 December, with twenty troops and twenty three convicts. This was the beginning of the first European settlement in Western Australia. On 21 January 1827, as instructed by the Secretary of State for War and the Colonies Earl Bathurst, the Union Jack was raised and a feu de joie fired by the troops, formally annexing the territory, in assertion of the first official claim by the Imperial Government to British possession over the whole continent of Australia.

The military base established by Lockyer was named Frederick Town, later renamed Albany. His interview with two sealers, arrested for crimes against local people, revealed intelligence of Dumont D’Urville’s survey of King George Sound. He had planned an overland journey to the Swan River region in February, but learned that James Stirling had already examined the area. 

He remained in the settlement until command could be given to Captain Joseph Wakefield. 

The Sydney suburb of Ermington is named after Lockyer’s residence, Ermington House

Artist:

William Macleod (1850-1929)

Colonial artist born 1850 in London arrived in Australia with his family who emigrated to join the gold rush in Victoria. After the death of her husband in 1855 Julia settled in Sydney, where she married the portrait painter James Anderson.

Macleod trained with the Sydney artist Edmund Thomas at the Sydney Mechanics’ School of Arts and was known first, as William Macleod Anderson or James Anderson. He travelled widely and won a reputation as a painter of portraits and cattle, a designer of stained-glass windows, and as illustrator with journals such as the Sydney Mail, the Australian Town and Country Journal and Queensland Punch.

Macleod joined the Bulletin full time in 1886 in response to a plea from Archibald following the departure of W.H.Traill. They became joint owners in 1887, Macleod was the Bulletin‘s managing director for the next forty years.

Macleod worked in a variety of art forms from stained glass to black-and-white drawing, oils, watercolour, engraving, lithography, clay modelling and sculpture. His strength was as an illustrator. In later life Macleod lived at Dunvegan, Mosman, where he painted, played bowls with zeal, and was a genial and kindly host.

His works are represented in a number of institutional collections such as, in the Art Gallery of New South Wales and the National Gallery of Australia.

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